UNIV 190B
Baseball and Modern America


Lecture 1 - W 3:00 - 5:30 Herter 231
Lecture 2 - Th 12:00 - 2:30 JFK 508*
Lecture 3 - Th 3:00 - 5:30 Gray 104*
Lecture 4 - Th 7:00 - 9:30 Wash 508*
(*offered via TV)

Discussions:9 Friday Sections
3 Monday Sections

Professors: William Sutton, Sport Studies (Coordinating Professor)
William Strickland, Afro-American Studies
Ron Story, History
Jerry Mileur, Political Science

Course Requirements:
2 Exams
1 paper (10 pages)

Readings:
Mark Ribowsky, The Power and The Darkness
Jules Tygiel, Baseballís Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy.
Jackie Robinson, I Never Had It Made: An Autobiography.
Hank Aaron with Lonnie Wheeler, I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story.
G. Edward White, Creating the National Pastime.

Public Events
September 24 - Keynote Address: Leonard Coleman, President, National League, 8:00 PM, Bowker Auditorium, UMASS.
November 6 - CrossWorlds Conversation: Joe Morgan & Bill Lee.
8:00 PM, Bowker Auditorium, UMASS (ticket event).
September 4 & 5 - Introduction to the Course

A. Sutton: Introduction to the Course
Video: Baseball & Modern America

B. Sutton: Introduction
Video: Ken Burns, ìBaseballî
Panel: Four instructors


September 11 & 12 - In The Beginning: 19th Century Origins of Baseball

History of baseball from gentlemanís sport to professionalism, history of U.S. from slavery to Jim Crow: American life and sports.

A. Strickland: from Civil War to Jim Crow
Video: Ken Burns, ìOriginsî

B. Crossett: ìFleetwood Walkerî
Guest Panel

Readings: Jules Tygiel, Baseballís Great Experiment, Chapter 2
W.E.B. DuBois, Black Reconstruction, Chapter 1 (reader)
Eric Foner, A Short History of Reconstruction, Chapters 4, 5, 12, Epilogue (reader)


September 18 & 19 - Baseball: A House Divided

Parallel development of white leagues and Negro leagues. The torments of the major leagues (the Federal league challenge; gambling and the Black Sox). The Star System: Babe Ruth, Josh Gibson.

Guest speaker: John ìBuckî OíNeil

A. Story: Baseball in early 20th century with slides/video mix: Federal League, Black Sox, Star System, Negro Leagues

B. Guest: John ìBuckî OíNeil
Guest Panel

Readings: G. Edward White, Creating the National Pastime, Chapters 3 & 4
Ribowsky, The Power and The Darkness, Chapters 1 - 7
Jules Tygiel, Baseballís Great Experiment, Chapters 1 & 3
Ron Story, ìThe Country of the Youngî (reader)
Ron Story, ìBlack Sox Scandalî (reader)

September 25 & 26 - The Invisible Game

History of the Negro Leagues, the style of black baseball and its stars. Blacks and whites together: barnstorming.

Guest Speaker: Bob Feller

A. Video: ìKings on the Hillî
Sutton: Pittsburgh Crawfords

B. Guest: Bob Feller
Guest Panel

Readings: Ribowsky, The Power and The Darkness, Chapters 8 - 17
Rob Ruck, ìProfessional Black Sport and Cum Poseyî (reader)
Rob Ruck, ìGus Greenlee, Black Pittsburghís ëMr. Bigíî (reader)


October 2 & 3 - The Pressure for Integrating Baseball Builds

Black movement to the North (black middle class, music, artists, newspapers). WWII and the changing roles for blacks and women. Anti-communism in post-war America.

A. Mileur: Communism and post-War politics

B. Story: WWII and changing roles, minority & women
Guest Panel

Readings: Jackie Robinson, I Never Had it Made, Chapter 1
Mackenzie, ìThe New Landscape of American Lifeî (reader)


October 9 & 10 - Branch Rickey and Jackie Robinson

Who is Jackie Robinson? Why him? Who is Branch Rickey? Why him?

Guest Speaker: Branch Rickey, III

A. Mileur: Who is Jackie Robinson?
Mileur: Who is Branch Rickey?

B. Guest: Branch Rickey, III
Guest Panel

Readings: Jackie Robinson, I Never Had it Made, Chapters 2 & 3
Jules Tygiel, Baseballís Great Experiment, Chapters 4 & 5

October 16 & 17 - Robinson Enters the Game: A Black in a White World
(Wednesday class meets at 7:00 PM: Herter 231)

Robinsonís time in Montreal, his first year in Brooklyn. Rachel Robinsonís story.

A. Story: Robinson in Montreal

B. Video: ìThe Jackie Robinson Storyî
Video: Ken Burns, ìBrooklynî
Guest Panel

Readings: Jules Tygiel, The Great Experiment, Chapters 6 - 9
Jackie Robinson, I Never Had it Made, Chapter 4


October 23 & 24 - The ìGreat Experimentî is Tested

The early year of integration in the majors (1947-48). Turning the corner (1949, ë50, ë51).

Guest Speaker: Larry Doby

A. Sutton: Robinson the ìrookieî
Sutton: the other rookies of ë47

B. Guest: Larry Doby
Guest Panel

Readings: Jules Tygiel, The Great Experiment, Chapters 10 - 12
Jackie Robinson, I Never Had it Made, Chapters 5 - 6
Black Writers/Black Baseball (reader)


October 30 & 31 - Jackie, Brooklyn, and the ìBoys of Summerî

Baseball and Brooklyn. The play of the game changes: Jackie on the basepaths.

Guest Speaker: Don Newcombe

A. Story: New York era and baseball
Story: Jackie on the basepaths

B. Guest: Don Newcombe
Guest Panel

Readings: Jules Tygiel, The Great Experiment, Chapters 13 - 17
Jackie Robinson, I Never Had it Made, Chapters 7 - 9

November 6 & 7 - The ìExperimentî Succeeds

More black players in more cities; the hold out cities. Death of the Negro Leagues. The further challenge: The minor leagues and the South.

Guest Speakers: Joe Morgan and Bill Lee

A. Sutton: more minority players, more cities
Sutton: the Latin American connection
Sutton: the Negro Leagues die

B. Guests: Joe Morgan, Bill Lee
Guest Panel

Readings: To Be Assigned

November 13 & 14 - Politics, Society and Race in Post-War America

Political changes: the Democrats and race. Suburbs & the west, television & mass media.

Guest Speaker: Ivan Dixon

A. Strickland: race & society in post-war America
Video: ìNothing But a Manî

B. Guest: Ivan Dixon
Guest Panel

Readings: Jackie Robinson, I Never Had it Made, Chapters 10 - 24

November 20 & 21 - The Game Changes

Franchise movement: The ìLAî Dodgers. Professional football, basketball emerge as competitors with baseball. Anti-trust challenges, radio, television and the game.

Guest Speaker: Gene Kirby

A. Mileur: the playing field(s) change
Mileur: baseball broadcasted

B. Guest: Gene Kirby
Guest Panel

Readings: Sullivan, Dodgers Move West, Chapters 3 - 7 (reader)
White, Creating the National Pastime, Chapters 6 & 7

December 4 & 5 - Great Times Coming

Content: Jackie Robinson retires and looks to future. Old politics and new: Robinson and the civil rights movement.

A. Sutton: Robinson retires, looks to future; a new generation of African- & Latin-American stars

B. Video: ìThe Hank Aaron Storyî

Readings: Aaron, I Had a Hammer, Chapters 1 - 6


December 11 & 12 - Reflections on Change: America and Baseball

Cold War, third world, & minority politics in America. Blacks, baseball and the new America.

Guest Speaker: Bob Veale

A. Sutton: baseball & a new American culture
Panel: Four instructors

B. Guest: Bob Veale
Panel: Four instructors

Readings: Aaron, I Had a Hammer, Chapters 7 - 12

 

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