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Glossary
ARTWORK
A general term used to describe photographs, drawings, paintings, hand lettering, and the
like prepared to illustrate printed matter.
AUTHOR'S ALTERATIONS (A.A.'s)
Author or client corrections and/or changes made in type at the proof stages; these are not due to the typesetter's error and are therefore chargeable to the customer. All corrections should be marked according to the printer's code of standardized proofreader's marks, in pen or colored pencil, never in soft lead. A.A.'s are expensive and should be kept to a minimum. See also Printer's Errors (P.E.'s).
BLEED
An extra amount of printed image which extends beyond the trim edge of the
sheet or page.
CAMERA-READY ART
Material given to the printer that needs no further work before being passed on to the camera and plating department.Comb Binding
COMB BINDING
The sheets are punched with a series of round or slotted holes on the binding edge. Then wire, plastic coils, or rings are inserted through the holes. Used for notebooks and other types of books which must open flat.
COMPOSITION
The assembling of characters into words, lines, and paragraphs of text or body matter type
for reproduction by printing.
CROP MARKS
Marks along the margins of an illustration (or photo), used to indicate the portion
of the illustration to be reproduced.
DUOTONES
A common printing technique by which a halftone is printed in two ink colors - most often
black and another color.
EMBOSSING
A process performed after printing to stamp a raised or depressed image (artwork or
typography) into the surface of paper, using engraved metal embossing dies, extreme
pressure, and heat. Embossing styles include blind, deboss, and foil-embossed.
ESTIMATE
A price provided to a customer, based on the specifications outlined on the estimate form;
it is normally sent prior to entry of an order and prices may change if the order specifications are not the same as the estimate specifications.
FLUSH
Even with; usually refers to typeset copy
FONT
In composition, a complete assortment of type in one size and face.
FOUR-COLOR PROCESS
The four basic colors of ink (yellow, magenta, cyan, and black) which reproduce full-color photographs or art.
HALFTONE
Picture with gradations of tone formed by dots of varying sizes.
JUSTIFIED
Describes text copy that is typeset flush to both the left and the right margins.
LINE COPY
Any copy that is solid black with no gradations in tone and is suitable for reproduction
without using a halftone screen.
OFFSET
A method in which the plate or cylinder transfers an ink image to an offset or transfer roller, which then transfers the image to stock.
PRINTER'S ERRORS
(P.E.'s)
Corrections and/or changes made in type at the proof stages due to errors made by the
typesetter, as opposed to changes made by the author, clients, or editor. Also refers to
mistakes made in film negatives, platemaking, or printing that are not due to the
client's error, addition, or deletion. The cost of P.E.'s are absorbed by the printer or
typesetter. See also Author's Alterations (A.A.'s).
PERFECT BINDING
(ADHESIVE BINDING) An inexpensive bookbinding technique in which the pages are
glued rather than sewn to the cover and used primarily for paperbacks, small manuals,
phone books, etc.
POINT
In measuring a paper's caliper, one point equals a thousandth of an inch. In typography,
it is the smallest unit of measurement used principally for designating type size, one point approximating 1/72 of an inch and 12 points equalling one pica.
PROOF:
  • PAGE
    Initial impression of a page pulled for checking purposes before the entire job is run.

  • DYLUX
    A fast, self-fixing proofing paper that is light sensitive on both sides.
RAGGED RIGHT
Typesetting style that is characterized by lines that end in unequal length, usually lined up
flush on one side or the other - example - flush left/ragged right
.
REAM
Five hundred sheets of paper.
RECTO
A right hand book page (usually odd numbered), more significant than the reverse side,
which is called the verso.
REGISTER MARKS
Crosses or other marks applied to original copy prior to photography used for achieving
perfect alignment (register) between negatives and color separations.
REVERSE
Type appearing in white on a black or color background or in a dark area of a photograph.
Saddle Stitch
SADDLE STITCH
Binding process for pamphlets or booklets which works by stapling through the middle fold of the sheets (saddle wire).
SCORE
To press a mark in a sheet of paper, usually cover stock, to make folding easier - often necessary when a fold must be made against the paper's grain. Scoring with a dull rule
(also called creasing).
SCREEN
A sheet of glass or film having lines or other pattern. The conventional gravure screen has
crossed lines; the contact screen has vignetted dots.
SOLID
An area completely covered with ink, or the use of 100% of a given color. In composition,
typesett without space (leading) between the lines.
VELOX
A black-and-white print of a screened image, line art, and/or copy.
VERSO
A left hand page of a book (usually even numbered); the reverse of recto.


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