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Speaker Series: Jamie Dreier, Brown University
Title: Two Models of Agent-Centered Value
Abstract: Some philosophers think agent-centered value is incoherent, some think it is incomprehensible, and some think it gives away the main virtue of consequentialism. I think none of these criticisms is correct; but my side has to make it clearer how centered value works. There are two ways to represent agent-centered value in a consequentialist model: by assigning a separate better-than ordering of neutral objects (sets of possible worlds) to each agent, and by having a single better-than ordering of centered-objects. Although for certain purposes, the two model systems are equivalent, for other important uses they are not; furthermore, the centered-objects model makes it much clearer why the objections to agent-centered value are misguided.