100 A – Introduction to Philosophy (AL)
MW 11:15 - 12:05
This course provides an introduction to philosophy by way of a discussion of three central philosophical problems -- the problem of free will and determinism; the "mind-body problem"; and the problem of the existence and nature of God.  In each case, the focus is on careful formulation of doctrines and arguments.  The goals are (i) to understand the doctrines and arguments; (ii) to develop the ability to evaluate the doctrines and arguments; and (iii) to begin to develop the ability to extract interesting arguments from philosophical texts. There will be three regularly scheduled quizzes.  Each student will be permitted to take (or take over) one quiz during final exam week. There will also be three written homework assignments.  There is no term paper or final exam in this course.

100 B – Introduction to Philosophy (AL)
TuTh 1:00 - 1:50
An introductory survey of topics in philosophy: the existence of god and the problem of evil, moral relativism, personal identity, and the nature and limits of knowledge.

100H – Introduction to Philosophy (Honors) (AL)
TuTh 2:30 - 3:45
A historical introduction to Western philosophy through the examination of early modern (16th-18th centuries) texts by canonical male, and recently rediscovered female, philosophers. Students are expected to utilize the reasoning skills that they acquire at the beginning of the course to reconstruct and critically evaluate the arguments in these texts.  There will be ample opportunity to demonstrate mastery of textual interpretation and argument analysis in the weekly at-home writing assignment, periodic quizzes, essay exams, and the final take-home essay. The wide-ranging themes of the course have an underlying sub-theme: sceptical arguments.  For example, we’ll examine sceptical challenges to: the theses that “might makes right” and that “women are by nature intellectually inferior to men” (Gournay), our belief that the senses are reliable guides to the truth (Descartes), and our belief that our inductive practices are rationally justifiable. (Hume).
Restricted to Commonwealth College students.

Phil 110 – Introduction To Logic
TuTh 1:00 - 2:15
Introduction to symbolic logic, including sentential and predicate logic. Focus on translating English statements into symbolic notation, and evaluation of arguments for validity using formal proof techniques. Text: Hardegree, Symbolic Logic: A First Course, 3rd ed. Requirements: homework and exams. Prerequisites: none.

160 01 – Introduction to Ethics (AT)
MW 12:20 - 1:10
description forthcoming

160 02 – Introduction to Ethics (AT) [restricted to RAP students]
TuTh 11:15 - 12:30
This introduction to ethics will be broken into three parts.  We will begin by asking a very general (meta-ethical) question: Is morality, in some sense, absolute, or is it relative?  In the second part of the course, we will examine several influential (normative) ethical theories and take note of their various strengths and weaknesses.  Finally, we will take up a few ethical questions that are the subject of much contemporary debate.  This course will include reading of both contemporary and historical texts and will have a significant writing component.

160 03 – Introduction to Ethics (AT) [restricted to RAP students]
TuTh 1:00 - 2:15
description forthcoming

160H – Introduction to Ethics (Honors) (AT)
TuTh 11:15 - 12:30
We will begin by asking some questions about the nature of right and  wrong.  We will then discuss ethical behavior, and try to isolate the  key features which make an act ethical.  Finally, we will focus on  particular issues in applied ethics, such as abortion, animal rights,  punishment, and infanticide.  Requirements: frequent homework  assignments, 2-3 exams.
Restricted to Commonwealth College students.

161 – Problems in Social Thought (SB)
MWF 11:15 - 12:05
description forthcoming

163 – Business Ethics
TuTh 9:30 - 10:45
Dan Doviak
This course provides an introduction to business ethics. Topics will include:(1) corporate social responsibility; (2) the meaning and value of work; (3) employees’ rights and responsibilities; (4) product safety, pricing, and advertising; (5) diversity and discrimination in the workplace; (6) business and the environment; (7) international business and the ethics of globalization. Requirements: two exams, two papers.

164 01 – Medical Ethics (AT)
MWF 1:25 - 2:15
Is human life sacred? How should we treat someone who is brain dead, but whose body is still warm and breathing? Is a fetus the kind of being whose life we should go to great lengths to preserve? If you haven’t been living in a cave your whole life, then you’ve probably had (or at least witnessed) debates about questions like these. If you want to get some good ammo for the next time you’re in a discussion about moral issues like abortion or euthanasia, then this is the class for you. We’ll read about the various sides of the debates. We’ll critically examine the main arguments. We’ll question the common assumptions. And in the process, you’ll hone your ability to analyze a problem and write clearly about it. But be warned: this class is not for the faint of heart. Website.

164 02 – Medical Ethics (AT)
MWF 10:10 - 11:00
description forthcoming

164 03 – Medical Ethics (AT) [restricted to RAP students]
TuTh 11:15 - 12:30
Recent medical developments that enable us to save, terminate, and design human lives in ways unheard of only a couple of decades ago are currently prompting a transition in our attitude to the sanctity of human life. This course provides an introduction to bioethics, i.e., the discipline concerned with thinking clearly about the confusions and divisions coming out of such transitions, not necessarily for the purpose of yielding universal answers, but in order to learn how to reason about pressing moral concerns that affect us all, often on a very personal level. The course starts out by looking at issues regarding abortion, euthanasia, and animal rights, raising questions such as: What makes something a living being and is it ever morally permissible to terminate a pregnancy? What constitutes a life worth living and can it ever be right to take someone’s life? And how does the value of non-human lives measure up to that of human lives? Next, we turn to moral questions arising out of our ability to choose children, in light of new reproductive technologies. What are the moral boundaries of exercising such choices? Is it morally wrong or benevolent to select children without disabilities, and what constitutes a disability anyway? Throughout the course, we’ll be reading Peter Singer’s Rethinking Life and Death: The Collapse of Our Traditional Ethics (St. Martin’s Griffins, 1996), Jonathan Glover’s Choosing Children: Genes, Disability, and Design (Oxford University Press, 2006) and a selection of articles from Helga Kuhse and Singer’s Bioethics: An Anthology (Blackwell Publishing, 2006). Website

164 04 – Medical Ethics (AT) [restricted to RAP students]
TuTh 1:00 - 2:15
This course will provide an introduction to some of the most interesting and important debates in bioethics.  Some of the questions we’ll ask: Is it morally permissible to terminate a pregnancy? Is it morally permissible for parents to pre-determine the sex of their child? When, if ever, is it okay to withdraw or withhold medical treatment? Should we fight to save the life of a severely disabled newborn? Is there a right to end one’s own life? How should we allocate scarce medical resources? Do governments have a moral obligation to provide their citizens with a basic level of health care?

164H – Honors Medical Ethics (AT)
TuTh 1:00 - 2:15
This class will provide a survey of some of the topics in medical ethics, with possible topics including animal rights, euthanasia, abortion, infanticide, parental responsibilities, neonatal circumcision and children's rights.
Restricted to Commonwealth College students.

310 – Intermediate Logic
TuThu 1:00 - 2:15
Continuation of Philosophy 110.  Three logical systems are examined: (1) Function Logic, (2) Identity Logic, (3) Description Logic.  Work is equally divided between translating English sentences into symbolic notation, and constructing formal derivations.  Requirements: seven exams.  Prerequisite: Philosophy 110, or consent of the instructor. Click here for WebSite.

320 – History of Ancient Philosophy (HS)
TuTh 11:15 - 12:30
This course is an introduction to the earliest Western philosophy, that is, the philosophy of ancient Greece. It will focus on the thought of the PreSocratics, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and will include topics in metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of religion, and epistemology.

334 – American Philosophy
MWF 2:30 - 3:20
This course will be a survey of American Philosophy. Our discussion will focus on the central themes of pragmatism, naturalism, and the relation between inquiry and truth. We will begin the course by reading the seminal works of classic American Pragmatists like C.S. Peirce, William James, and John Dewey. We will then consider the relation between pragmatism and naturalism by reading a number of articles by W.V.O. Quine. We will conclude by investigating a number of issues involving semantics and knowledge through the lens of Kripke, Putnam, Lewis, and other contemporary authors. Course requirements will include three in-class exams and one term paper. Prerequisite: one prior course in philosophy.

336 01 – Existential Philosophy
MWF 10:10 - 11:00
This course is a survey of Existentialist philosophy in the late 19th and early 20th century. Readings will include Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre, and Camus.  Some of the themes of these readings include God, value, freedom, authenticity, meaning, and the absurd.  Requirements: 3 take-home tests and one final paper.

336 02 – Existential Philosophy
MWF 11:15 - 12:05
It is a familiar idea that life either particular events in our lives, or our lives as a whole is in some sense absurd. In this course we are going to try to get clear on the issue of whether our lives really are absurd and, if so, how. The overarching questions we will address are as follows: What could it mean to say that life is absurd? Is there a “meaning of life”? If there is, does this mean that life isn’t absurd? Can life have meaning if it’s absurd?
Camus, A. 1991. The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays. Vintage.
Beckett, S. 1994. Waiting for Godot: A Tragicomedy in Two Acts. Grove Press.
Frankfurt, H. 2004. The Reasons of Love. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Available at Amherst Books (8 Main Street, Amherst, MA 01002; 413.256.1547). We will also read various articles that I will provide online.

361 – Philosophy of Art
MWF 1:25 - 2:15
What is art? This class will begin by pursuing this question and will proceed through several more specific questions about the meaning and value of art. Readings will be contemporary and from the analytic tradition. Students will write a mid term paper and a term paper. At least one prior class in philosophy is strongly recommended.

363 – Marxism
TuTh 11:15-12:30
This course provides an intermediate-level introduction to Marxist philosophy. We will begin with a rapid overview of the main outlines of Marxism. The remainder of the course will fall into two parts. In the first part, we will read a range of works by Marx, especially (but not exclusively) works by the "young" Marx. In the second part, we will read a selection of classics of Western Marxism (by, e.g., Lukacs, Gramsci, and Adorno) and Marxist feminism (by, e.g., Mitchell and Hartmann). Prerequisite: At least one course in either philosophy or a social science. For more information, see the course website.

383 – Philosophical Approaches to Religion
MWF 12:20PM - 1:10P
Religion plays an important role in many people's lives. In addition, religion appears to make claims about the way the world is, our place in it, and how and what we should believe. In this course, we will be thinking about various aspects of religion. Some of the questions we'll be considering include: Are there good arguments for or against the existence of God? What is the relationship between religion and science? What is the relationship between religion and morality? Is it acceptable to believe something based on faith and how does this differ from believing something based on evidence? We will attempt to answer these questions (and others) from a philosophical perspective in the analytic tradition. Readings will include both historical and contemporary work. Required Text: Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. (Blackwell Publishing, 1999). Edited by Stump & Murray. ISBN:978-0-631-20604-0

391 – Philosophy of Emotions
TuTh 2:30 - 3:45
The emotions have become an increasingly popular subject in philosophy during the past few decades. Focusing on contemporary philosophy of emotions, but also touching on its history and some contemporary psychology, this course will address such questions as: What is the nature of emotions? Are emotions caused by thoughts? Can emotions be controlled by how we think? What is happiness? What does it mean to love someone?

391P – Philosophy of Psychology
TuTh 9:30 - 10:45
Different approaches to psychology presuppose radically different views about the nature of mind. We will look at work by Descartes, B. F. Skinner, Noam Chomsky and research in artificial intelligence. What views about the mind are at work in each of these approaches? What reason is there to suppose that the mind actually functions as these authors suppose? Prerequisite: one course in philosophy or one course in psychology. Requirements: three take-home exams.

392L – Philosophy of Law
TuTh 1:00 - 2:15
This course covers general topics in the philosophy of law – competing views about the nature of the law (natural law tradition/legal positivism/legal realism), jurisprudence and legal interpretation, the moral obligation to obey the law, and the relationship between law and morality – as well as more specific issues such as the nature and status of rights, free speech, paternalism, privacy, punishment, and terrorism and torture. 

398W – Junior Year Writing Course
A 1-credit pass/fail course that must be taken in conjunction with Philosophy 320; it satisfies the University Junior Year Writing Requirement.

550 Epistemology
Tu 1:00 - 3:30
This course will focus on recent work connected to the problem of skepticism about the external world:  How can we know anything about the world around us if it’s possible that we’re just dreaming or the victims of massive sensory deception?   We will consider whether our ordinary beliefs about the world provide better explanations than skeptical scenarios do, and whether “inference to the best explanation” might help in dealing with the skeptical challenge.  Other topics to be discussed may  include Moorean responses to skepticism, a priori responses to skepticism, and general principles relating knowledge of one proposition to knowledge of another.  We will read work by authors such as Bonjour, Dretske, Hawthorne, Mc Dowell, Peacocke, Pryor, Wright, Van Fraassen and Williamson.

591G Ancient Greek Moral Psychology
TuTh 11:15 - 12:30
description forthcoming

591W Early Modern Women Philosophers
W 3:35 - 6:05
description forthcoming

594K Self-Knowledge
Th 1:00 - 3:30
This course will examine a wide range of views on self-knowledge, with an eye to the role that self-knowledge may play in a variety of philosophical projects.  We will also look at some of the psychological literature here to see what implications it has for the philosophical views under discussion.  Authors examined will include Neera Badhwar, Alvin Goldman, Hilary Kornblith, Richard Moran, Richard Nisbett, Eric Schwitzgebel, Sydney Shoemaker, Robert Stalnaker, Shelley Taylor, Timothy Wilson and others.

594S Formal Semantics
TuTh 9:30-10:45
Gary Hardegree
We usually understand novel sentences – e.g., this one – with little or no hesitation. How do we accomplish this? According to the received opinion, our linguistic knowledge divides into two modules – roughly, words and rules – which in turn correspond respectively to Lexical Grammar and Compositional Grammar. The present course concerns Compositional Semantics – the study of how the meanings of compound expressions are derived from the meanings of their parts. We pursue this enterprise within the framework of Categorial Grammar – more specifically, within the framework of Type-Logical Grammar. Topics will include: set theory, type theory, lambda-calculus, categorial syntax and semantics, type-logical syntax and semantics. Prerequisite: graduate status, or consent of the instructor. Requirements: homework assignments. Click here for website.