(AL) Baker, 366 Bartlett
Two lectures, one discussion per week. This course will
focus primarily on the thought of Plato (the early dialogues
that feature Socrates) and Descartes (the "Meditations"
that revolutionized philosophy during the scientific revolution
in the 17th century). We shall conclude with a contemporary
dialogue that treats some of the problems raised by Plato and
Descartes. Throughout the course, there will be heavy emphasis
on the nature of argument. Students will learn to recognize
and produce valid arguments. Texts: Plato, Five Dialogues, tr. Grube; Descartes, Meditations,
tr. Cress; Perry, Dialogue on Personal Identity and
Immortality. Requirements: exams.
(AL) Klement, 353 Bartlett
Two lectures, one discussion per week. A general historical introduction
to the questions discussed by philosophers and the methods philosophers
use in formulating their answers. Topics include the nature and
scope of human knowledge, the existence of God, the relationship
between the mind and the body, the problem of free-will and the
nature of personhood. Texts: Descartes, Meditations on First
Philosophy; Berkeley, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and
Philonous; Sartre, Existentialism and Human Emotions;
Perry, A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality;
and other short works. Requirements: take-home exams, paper,
(R2) Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
Introduction to Symbolic Logic. Two logical systems are examined:
(1) Sentential Logic, (2) Predicate Logic. Work is equally divided
between: (a) translating English sentences into symbolic notation,
and (b) constructing formal derivations. Text:
Hardegree, Symbolic Logic: A First Course, 3rd
ed. For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/110.
(AT) Feldman, 362 Bartlett
Two lectures, one discussion per week. Consideration of
some of the most important theories about right and wrong, good
and evil, and virtue and vice. In each case, one focus
will be on clear and accurate formulation of the theory.
Another focus will be on understanding and evaluating classic
objections to the theory. Readings from Plato, Aristotle,
Epicurus, Bentham, Mill, Kant, Ross, Moore, and others. Text: Feldman, Introduction to Ethics. Requirements: three quizzes; no papers; no final exam.
Each student will be permitted to take one quiz over again at
the end of the semester.
(AT) Matthews, 368 Bartlett
An introduction to ethics through issues in medicine and health
care. Topics will include abortion, treatment of impaired
infants, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, truth-telling,
medical experimentation on human beings and on animals, and the
allocation of scarce medical resources. Text:
Munson, Intervention and Reflection, 6th ed. Requirements: two hour-exams; final exam; optional quizzes and term papers.
(AT) Berkich, 377 Bartlett
We begin with a study of ethical theory which grounds our subsequent
investigation into specific ethical problems in medical science
and technology. Ethical issues include Abortion, Impaired Infants,
Euthanasia, Paternalism, Truth-Telling, Confidentiality, Human
Experimentation, Animal Experimentation, Reproduction, Cloning,
and Scarcity of Resources. The purpose of the course is to provide
a framework which enables the student to reason clearly and effectively
about the ethics involved in medical science and technology.
The course assumes no prior knowledge of philosophical ethics
or medical science.
of Ancient Philosophy
(HS) Chappell, 380 Bartlett
Lectures and discussion. Close study of several works by
Plato and Aristotle, flanked by a quick survey of major pre-Socratic
and post-Aristotelian thinkers. Texts: to
be announced. Requirements: short writing assignments;
midterm exam; final exam; term paper (10 pages). Prerequisite: none. Note: This course, when taken in conjunction
with Philosophy 398W, satisfies the Junior Year Writing Requirement
for Philosophy Majors.
(HS) Aune, 360 Bartlett
Lectures and discussion. Critical examination of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Requirements: short
writing assignments; midterm exam; final exam; term paper (1012
pages). Prerequisite: one course in philosophy.
(SBD) Ferguson, 370 Bartlett
This 4-credit Honors course will investigate the ways that women
and their bodies have been viewed by some important Western philosophers,
as well as writings by contemporary feminist theories on female
embodiment. Texts: Writing
on the Body: Female Embodiment and Feminist Theory, ed. Conboy,
Medina, and Stanbury; De Beauvoir, The Second Sex; Philosophy of Woman, ed. Mahowald. Requirements: class reports and reading questions; 3 short papers; midterm
exam; term paper (8-10 pages). Prerequisites:
one course in philosophy, or WOST 201, or consent of the instructor.
Approaches to Religion
Kiniry, 355 Bartlett
Philosophy of religion is the critical examination of basic religious
beliefs, concepts, and experience. In the first segment of the
course, we will do two things. First, we will evaluate a number
of classic proofs of God's existence. Second, we will examine
(as well as attempt to solve) some of the problems and paradoxes
that arise from conceiving of God as a being who is omnipotent,
omniscient, and omnibenevolent. In the second segment of the
course, we will investigate the nature of religious experience
- in particular, whether such experience is in some way distinct
from ordinary experience. Texts: Philosophy of Religion: Selected
Readings, William L. Rowe and William J. Wainwright, eds.; The Idea of the Holy, Rudolph Otto. Requirements: two
take-home exams; term paper Prerequisite: one course in
Schaffer, 359 Bartlett
Epistemology is the study of the nature and the extent of human
knowledge. We will discuss such issues as skepticism, the
definition of knowledge, the architecture of justification, and
the dispute over externalism. Text: Epistemology:
An Anthology, ed. Sosa and Kim. Requirements: 3
papers. Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy,
or consent of the instructor.
Matthews, 368 Bartlett
A discussion of philosophical themes in literary works of different
genres, including E.B. Whites Charlottes Web,
Tom Stoppards Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Ursula
Le Guins The Left Hand of Darkness, the Biblical
Book of Job, a substantial portion of Leo Tolstoys War
and Peace, and some poetry of Jorge Luis Borges. Requirements: take-home midterm exam; term paper; take-home final. Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy.
393V--Philosophy and Evolution
Brown, 358 Bartlett
An examination of evolutionary theory from a philosophical perspective.
We will spend the first part of the course discussing the argument
that Darwin presents for his theory of "descent with modification"
in the first edition of The Origin of Species, paying particular
attention to his reasons for thinking that his theory was a better
explanation of the data of natural history than was the explanation
offered by the creationists of his day. We will spend the rest
of the semester discussing later developments in evolutionary
theory and examining some of the current controversies among
evolutionary biologists. Requirements: midterm examination,
final examination, 12-15 page paper on a topic assigned by the
Darwin, Charles, The Origin of Species. Edited with an
introduction by J. W. Burrow. New York: Penguin, 1968 (ISBN:
Dawkins, Richard, The Blind Watchmaker. New York: Norton,
1987 (ISBN: 0393315703).
Eldredge, Niles, The Pattern of Evolution. New York: John
Wiley & Sons, 1995 (ISBN: 0716739631).
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
This course is intended to follow Philosophy 310 (Intermediate
Logic), and examines various modal logical systems including
alethic modal logic, epistemic logic, deontic logic, tense logic,
and the logic of propositional attitudes. Emphasis will
be on quantification, identity, descriptions, scoped singular
terms, and actuality. Text: Hardegree, Introduction
to Modal Logic (available on-line). Prerequisite: Philosophy 310, or consent of the instructor.
For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/310.
Feldman, 362 Bartlett
We will focus on a small number of classic works in the history
of moral philosophy. There will be a lot of reading; texts
will be determined by class interest, but will probably include
works by Plato, Aristotle, Mill, Kant, and Moore. Requirements: take-home midterm exam; take-home final; occasional written homework
assignments. Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy,
including an introductory course in ethics.
Klement, 353 Bartlett
Selected topics in contemporary philosophy of language, including
meaning, reference, naming, truth, speech acts, translation,
and the nature of linguistic representation. Text: The Philosophy of Language, ed. Martinich. Requirements: essay exams; term paper. Prerequisite for Undergraduates: consent of the instructor.
Baker, 366 Bartlett
This course will focus on the issue of the freedom of the will
in theological contexts. First well consider Augustines
anti-Pelagian writings (5th century), which seem to deny (what
is now called) libertarian freedom. Then well consider
Molinas account of middle knowledge (16th century), which
attempts to legitimate libertarian freedom in the context of
Christian orthodoxy. Next well consider contemporary
uses of Molinas work to treat problems that arise in Christian
theology, such as the problem of Gods foreknowledge and
the problem of evil. Finally, well take up criticisms
of Molinas work and its contemporary uses. Texts:
Augustine, Four Anti-Pelagian Writings; Molina, On Divine Foreknowledge; Flint, Divine Providence;
Hasker, God, Time and Knowledge; The Problem
of Evil (ed. Adams and Adams). Requirements: class presentations; short paper; term paper. Prerequisites: graduate status in philosophy, or four or more Undergraduate
philosophy courses; not recommended for Undergraduates.
17th-Century Women Philosophers
O'Neill, 379 Bartlett
595S--Semantics of Natural Language
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
An introduction to categorial grammar and the semantics of natural
language. Compositionality; locality; type-driven semantics.
Comparison with generative grammar (cf. Linguistics 610). Text: Hardegree, Introduction to Categorial Grammar
(available on-line). Prerequisite: consent of the
instructor. For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/595.