100--Introduction to Philosophy
(AL) Baker, 366 Bartlett
Two lectures, one discussion per week.  This course will focus primarily on the thought of Plato (the early dialogues that feature Socrates) and Descartes (the "Meditations" that revolutionized philosophy during the scientific revolution in the 17th century).  We shall conclude with a contemporary dialogue that treats some of the problems raised by Plato and Descartes.  Throughout the course, there will be heavy emphasis on the nature of argument.  Students will learn to recognize and produce valid arguments.  Texts:  Plato, Five Dialogues, tr. Grube;  Descartes, Meditations, tr. Cress;  Perry, Dialogue on Personal Identity and ImmortalityRequirements: exams.

100--Introduction to Philosophy
(AL) Klement, 353 Bartlett
Two lectures, one discussion per week. A general historical introduction to the questions discussed by philosophers and the methods philosophers use in formulating their answers. Topics include the nature and scope of human knowledge, the existence of God, the relationship between the mind and the body, the problem of free-will and the nature of personhood. Texts: Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy; Berkeley, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous; Sartre, Existentialism and Human Emotions; Perry, A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality; and other short works. Requirements: take-home exams, paper, reading assignments.

110--Introduction to Logic
(R2) Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
Introduction to Symbolic Logic. Two logical systems are examined: (1) Sentential Logic, (2) Predicate Logic. Work is equally divided between: (a) translating English sentences into symbolic notation, and (b) constructing formal derivations.  Text:  Hardegree, Symbolic Logic: A First Course, 3rd ed.  For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/110.

160--Introduction to Ethics
(AT) Feldman, 362 Bartlett
Two lectures, one discussion per week.  Consideration of some of the most important theories about right and wrong, good and evil, and virtue and vice.  In each case, one focus will be on clear and accurate formulation of the theory.  Another focus will be on understanding and evaluating classic objections to the theory.  Readings from Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Bentham, Mill, Kant, Ross, Moore, and others.  Text:  Feldman, Introduction to EthicsRequirements: three quizzes; no papers; no final exam.  Each student will be permitted to take one quiz over again at the end of the semester.

164--Medical Ethics
(AT) Matthews, 368 Bartlett
An introduction to ethics through issues in medicine and health care.  Topics will include abortion, treatment of impaired infants, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, truth-telling, medical experimentation on human beings and on animals, and the allocation of scarce medical resources.  Text:  Munson, Intervention and Reflection, 6th ed.  Requirements: two hour-exams; final exam; optional quizzes and term papers.

164--Medical Ethics
(AT) Berkich, 377 Bartlett
We begin with a study of ethical theory which grounds our subsequent investigation into specific ethical problems in medical science and technology. Ethical issues include Abortion, Impaired Infants, Euthanasia, Paternalism, Truth-Telling, Confidentiality, Human Experimentation, Animal Experimentation, Reproduction, Cloning, and Scarcity of Resources. The purpose of the course is to provide a framework which enables the student to reason clearly and effectively about the ethics involved in medical science and technology. The course assumes no prior knowledge of philosophical ethics or medical science.

320--History of Ancient Philosophy
(HS) Chappell, 380 Bartlett
Lectures and discussion.  Close study of several works by Plato and Aristotle, flanked by a quick survey of major pre-Socratic and post-Aristotelian thinkers.  Texts: to be announced.  Requirements: short writing assignments; midterm exam; final exam; term paper (10 pages).  Prerequisite: none.  Note:  This course, when taken in conjunction with Philosophy 398W, satisfies the Junior Year Writing Requirement for Philosophy Majors.

(HS) Aune, 360 Bartlett
Lectures and discussion.  Critical examination of Kant's Critique of Pure ReasonRequirements: short writing assignments; midterm exam; final exam; term paper (1012 pages).  Prerequisite: one course in philosophy.

381H--Philosophy of Women
(SBD) Ferguson, 370 Bartlett
This 4-credit Honors course will investigate the ways that women and their bodies have been viewed by some important Western philosophers, as well as writings by contemporary feminist theories on female embodiment.    Texts:  Writing on the Body: Female Embodiment and Feminist Theory, ed. Conboy, Medina, and Stanbury;  De Beauvoir, The Second SexPhilosophy of Woman, ed. Mahowald.  Requirements: class reports and reading questions; 3 short papers; midterm exam; term paper (8-10 pages).  Prerequisites:  one course in philosophy, or WOST 201, or consent of the instructor.

383--Philosophical Approaches to Religion
Kiniry, 355 Bartlett
Philosophy of religion is the critical examination of basic religious beliefs, concepts, and experience. In the first segment of the course, we will do two things. First, we will evaluate a number of classic proofs of God's existence. Second, we will examine (as well as attempt to solve) some of the problems and paradoxes that arise from conceiving of God as a being who is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. In the second segment of the course, we will investigate the nature of religious experience - in particular, whether such experience is in some way distinct from ordinary experience. Texts: Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, William L. Rowe and William J. Wainwright, eds.; The Idea of the Holy, Rudolph Otto. Requirements: two take-home exams; term paper Prerequisite: one course in philosophy.

Schaffer, 359 Bartlett
Epistemology is the study of the nature and the extent of human knowledge.  We will discuss such issues as skepticism, the definition of knowledge, the architecture of justification, and the dispute over externalism.  Text: Epistemology: An Anthology, ed. Sosa and Kim.  Requirements: 3 papers.   Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy, or consent of the instructor.

393L--Philosophy and Literature
Matthews, 368 Bartlett
A discussion of philosophical themes in literary works of different genres, including E.B. White’s Charlotte’s Web, Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Ursula Le Guin’s The Left Hand of Darkness, the Biblical Book of Job, a substantial portion of Leo Tolstoy’s War and Peace, and some poetry of Jorge Luis Borges. Requirements: take-home midterm exam; term paper; take-home final. Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy.

Phil 393V--Philosophy and Evolution
Brown, 358 Bartlett
An examination of evolutionary theory from a philosophical perspective. We will spend the first part of the course discussing the argument that Darwin presents for his theory of "descent with modification" in the first edition of The Origin of Species, paying particular attention to his reasons for thinking that his theory was a better explanation of the data of natural history than was the explanation offered by the creationists of his day. We will spend the rest of the semester discussing later developments in evolutionary theory and examining some of the current controversies among evolutionary biologists. Requirements: midterm examination, final examination, 12-15 page paper on a topic assigned by the instructor.
Darwin, Charles, The Origin of Species. Edited with an introduction by J. W. Burrow. New York: Penguin, 1968 (ISBN: 0140432051).
Dawkins, Richard, The Blind Watchmaker. New York: Norton, 1987 (ISBN: 0393315703).
Eldredge, Niles, The Pattern of Evolution. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995 (ISBN: 0716739631).

511--Modal Logic
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
This course is intended to follow Philosophy 310 (Intermediate Logic), and examines various modal logical systems including alethic modal logic, epistemic logic, deontic logic, tense logic, and the logic of propositional attitudes.  Emphasis will be on quantification, identity, descriptions, scoped singular terms, and actuality.  Text:  Hardegree, Introduction to Modal Logic (available on-line).  Prerequisite:  Philosophy 310, or consent of the instructor.  For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/310.

562--History of Ethics
Feldman, 362 Bartlett
We will focus on a small number of classic works in the history of moral philosophy.  There will be a lot of reading; texts will be determined by class interest, but will probably include works by Plato, Aristotle, Mill, Kant, and Moore.  Requirements: take-home midterm exam; take-home final; occasional written homework assignments.  Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy, including an introductory course in ethics.

584--Philosophy of Language
Klement, 353 Bartlett
Selected topics in contemporary philosophy of language, including meaning, reference, naming, truth, speech acts, translation, and the nature of linguistic representation.  Text: The Philosophy of Language, ed. Martinich.  Requirements: essay exams; term paper.  Prerequisite for Undergraduates:  consent of the instructor.

585--Philosophical Theology
Baker, 366 Bartlett
This course will focus on the issue of the freedom of the will in theological contexts.  First we’ll consider Augustine’s anti-Pelagian writings (5th century), which seem to deny (what is now called) libertarian freedom.  Then we’ll consider Molina’s account of middle knowledge (16th century), which attempts to legitimate libertarian freedom in the context of Christian orthodoxy.  Next we’ll consider contemporary uses of Molina’s work to treat problems that arise in Christian theology, such as the problem of God’s foreknowledge and the problem of evil.  Finally, we’ll take up criticisms of Molina’s work and its contemporary uses.  Texts:  Augustine, Four Anti-Pelagian Writings;  Molina, On Divine Foreknowledge;  Flint, Divine Providence;  Hasker, God, Time and KnowledgeThe Problem of Evil (ed. Adams and Adams).  Requirements: class presentations; short paper; term paper.  Prerequisites: graduate status in philosophy, or four or more Undergraduate philosophy courses; not recommended for Undergraduates.

591W--Seminar: 17th-Century Women Philosophers
O'Neill, 379 Bartlett

595S--Semantics of Natural Language
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
An introduction to categorial grammar and the semantics of natural language.  Compositionality; locality; type-driven semantics.  Comparison with generative grammar (cf. Linguistics 610). Text: Hardegree, Introduction to Categorial Grammar  (available on-line).  Prerequisite: consent of the instructor.  For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/595.