# Title Instructor Time    
514 Math Logic 2   MWF 11:15    

Introduction to and comparative study of various logical foundations of mathematics, including classical set-theoretical foundations (ZF, NBG), Quine’s “New Foundations” and related systems, higher-order logic and type theory, Frege arithmetic, and others, as well as related logical meta-theory and philosophical issues concerning mathematical and logical entities. Text: William S. Hatcher, _The Logical Foundations of Mathematics_ and various shorter pieces. Prerequisites: Phil 310 Intermediate Logic or consent of instructor.

553 Topics in Philosophy of Science Meacham Th 10:00-12:30  


Topic: Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics
In this class we'll look at some of the central issues in the philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. The class will begin by quickly sketching some of the basics of Quantum Mechanics, and then will go through and assess the main "interpretations" of Quantum Mechanics that have been offered (collapse theories like GRW, Bohmian Mechanics, and Many Worlds). If we have time, we'll finish the class off by looking at some further related issues in the philosophy of quantum mechanics, such as the recent debate regarding wave function realism, and whether we should understand ordinary spacetime as being fundamental or derivative.

555 Topics in Philosophy of Mind Levine W 4:00-6:30  


Attention is a much-studied phenomenon in psychology, and one that gives rise to a number of philosophical questions: what is it to attend to something? what is the relation between attention and consciousness? What role does attention play in securing the referential connection between thought and the world? We will read both psychological and philosophical literature that deal with these questions.

591A Topics in Ancient Philosophy deHarven Th 4:00-6:30  

his seminar is intended for graduate students and advanced undergraduates.  We will spend the semester looking at knowledge and reality in Aristotle.  These topics are inextricable to the extent that what is is what is knowable and what is knowable is what is.   We will begin with Aristotle’s informal works of metaphysics and logic (Categories and De Interpretation), then move to formal logic (Prior Analytics) and epistemology, or (better) philosophy of science (Posterior Analytics).  From these works in the Organon, or toolbox, we will move to the study of nature.  We will begin with the problem of change and the so-called Parmenidean dilemma; then turn to Aristotle’s analysis of natures and natural entities; followed by the four causes and Aristotle’s demands on explanation; and then turn to teleology and necessity.  Next, within the study of nature, we will turn to the soul.  First we will look at soul as the principle of life generally; then we will move into the philosophy of mind and explore whether Aristotle should be understood as a functionalist, followed by a look at debates over the nature of Aristotle’s hylomorphism.  Finally, we will close with a return to the opening topics of substance, essence and definition.  Readings for each meeting will include the primary texts, introductory-level commentaries, and higher-level secondary literature. 

591R Responsibility and Rationality Vavova W 1:00-3:30    

Some think that a kind of coherence (among action, will, and values) suffices for moral responsibility. This seems implausible when applied to the indoctrinated son of an evil dictator. He is coherent and yet plausibly less blameworthy for his murders than we might be for ours. An analogous worry arises for those who take coherence to be sufficient for rationality. Some ideally coherent characters, such as the evidence twisting conspiracy theorist, seem less than fully rational. What is the difference, if there is one, between "normal" agents like us and these coherent eccentrics? We'll consider the ethical and epistemological issues in parallel to see if they could be mutually illuminating.

592J Topics in Early Modern Philosophy O'Neill Th 1:00-3:30    

TOPIC: New Narratives in the History of early Modern Philosophy

Until a few decades ago, it was generally held that women had not been contributors to early modern philosophy.  But we have now discovered quite a number of philosophically interesting and astute published texts by women of the period, as well as published correspondences they had with major male figures of their time. A body of incisive secondary literature is also emerging. What is still lacking are new historical narratives that give these women their proper places in our histories of philosophy. We will begin the course with early 17th-century texts by women, which focus on woman’s nature and the appropriateness of education for her. We will read works by Gournay, Van Schurman and Makin—friends who formed a transnational intellectual network of women scholars. Should we think of these texts as a “lost chapter in the narrative of the history of philosophy”? Or did the thinkers of the seventeenth century not take issues about gender to be of significant philosophical importance? To what extent did the women influence each other’s philosophical views and styles of arguing? Or was the philosophy of major male figures a larger influence on these women’s work?  In the second part of the course, we will focus on uncontroversially philosophical material, Cartesian metaphysics and epistemology. We will examine the criticisms of Descartes and Malebranche by Princess Elisabeth, Astell, Cavendish and Scudéry, as well as the women’s alternative accounts of the essence of mind, sensation, causation, and self-knowledge. At the end of the course, we will look at a philosophical issue that combines the focus on gender and on Cartesianism in the earlier parts of the course: the gendering of Cartesian reason as masculine in the 18th century. The text here will be one by Lambert, who rejects Malebranche’s views, and develops her own account of women’s non-geometrical way of knowing.  We will end with discussions about how some of these female philosophers might be integrated into existing histories, and why whole new chapters may need to be written. We will also examine different methodologies for writing a history of philosophy and some problems they pose for the inclusion of women in our histories.

Prerequisites for Undergraduates: one prior philosophy course and some familiarity with Descartes’ Meditations.

595C Cosmology Bricker M 4:00-6:30    

An introduction to philosophical problems that arise in contemplating the cosmos as a whole, its origin and its nature. Topics include: why is there a universe at all, and, in particular, can we explain the Big Bang? What is the shape and size of the universe? Is it finite or infinite, bounded or unbounded? What determines the direction of time? Do we have good reason to believe in a vast plurality of universes, based either on "fine tuning" or quantum theory? Are anthropic explanations scientifically respectable?

595S Formal Semantics Hardegree TuTh 10:00-11:15    

We usually understand novel sentences – e.g., this one – with little or no hesitation. How do we accomplish this? According to the received opinion, our linguistic knowledge divides into two modules – roughly, words and rules – which in turn correspond respectively to Lexical Grammar and Compositional Grammar. The present course concerns Compositional Grammar, more specifically Compositional Semantics – the study of how the meanings of compound expressions are derived from the meanings of their parts. We pursue this enterprise within the framework of Categorial Grammar – more specifically, within the framework of Type-Logical Grammar. Topics will include: set theory, type theory, lambda-calculus, categorial syntax and semantics, type-logical syntax and semantics. Prerequisite: Phil 310, or graduate status, or consent of the instructor. Requirements: homework assignments. Click here for website.

741 Seminar in Metaphysics Eddon M 12:20-2:50    


742 Seminar in Epistemology Kornblith Tu 4:00-6:30    

This course will be devoted to work on self-knowledge.  We will read a wide range of work in both philosophy and psychology, including papers by Quassim Cassam, John Doris, Alvin Goldman, Alison Gopnik, Richard Moran, Richard Nisbett, Stephen Stich, Shelley Taylor, Timothy Wilson, and others.

746 Seminar in Philosophy of Language Perez Carballo Tu 1:00-3:30    
This seminar will join together the seminars Topics in Semantics (LING 743) and Seminar in Philosophy of Language (PHIL 746), and will explore two main areas of research that are currently engaging both semanticists and philosophers of language. The seminar will consist of two parts, summarized below. Part 1 of the seminar will concern recent work on the compositional semantics of propositional attitude reports, particularly that work concerned with the ambiguity between so-called *de dicto*, *de re*, and *de se* readings. We will begin with a whirlwind review of the classic literature on the *de re* / *de dicto* ambiguity and the development of the ‘Kaplan-Lewis analysis’. We will then move on to such topics as the analysis of so-called ‘third readings’, whether (and how) so-called ‘acquaintance relations’ are actually part of the truth-conditions of these readings, the problem of ‘*de se* communication’, and other related topics. Part 2 of the seminar will center around recent work on scalar implicatures. We will do a crash course on scalar implicatures, starting with Grice’s seminal work and working up to the Neo-Gricean approaches that have been developed to account for embedded scalar implicatures. We will then look at arguments for and against so-called ‘grammatical’ approaches to scalar implicatures (e.g. Chierchia, Fox, and Spector). If time permits, we will spend some time thinking about how this debate bears on questions about modularity in linguistic theory.
760 Seminar in Ethics Graham M 7:00-9:30    

Does what we morally ought to do depend in any way either on our beliefs about or our evidence concerning the world? Recently there has been much debate about this question in the normative ethics literature. In this class we'll consider and evaluate the recent philosophical work on this topic.


Dissertation Seminar


by arr.