513 - Mathematical Logic I
MWF 11:15
Klement, Bartlett 353
Elementary meta-mathematics and logical meta-theory. Topics include completness and consistency proofs for first-order logic, model theory, elementary number theory, and Gödel's incompleteness theorems. Text: Mendelson, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, 4th ed. Requirements: problem sets and exams. Prerequisite: Philosophy 310, or consent of instructor.

551 - Metaphysics
TuTh 2:30-3:45
Schaffer, Bartlett 359
In this course we shall discuss consciousness, conceptual analysis, and the framework of two-dimensional semantics. Readings will include work by David Chalmers, Frank Jackson, Ned Block and Robert Stalnaker. Requirements: seminar paper.

592E - Hellenistic Philosophy
Thu 4:00-6:30
Perin, Bartlett 357
A survey of the major schools of Hellenistic philosophy -- Epicureans, Stoics, Academics, and Pyrrhonists -- on a wide range of issues in metaphysics, logic, epistemology, and ethics.

594L - Semantics of Natural Language
TuTh 1:00-2:15
Hardegree, Bartlett 363
A presentation of the basic ideas of formal semantics as pursued in the categorial grammar model, with particular reference to a novel model of semantic composition. Comparison to the method presented in Heim & Kratzer, Semantics in Generative Grammar.(cf. Linguistics 610). Topics will include: Set Theory, Lambda-Calculus, Semantic Principles -- Locality, Compositionality, etc., Categorial Syntax, Categorial Semantics. Prerequisite: graduate status, or consent of the instructor.
WebSite: http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/595/index.htm

594P - Self-Knowledge
Mon 3:35-6:05
Matthews, Bartlett 368
A consideration of some of the most important recent writings on knowledge of oneself and of one’s own thoughts and experiences. Philosophers to be discussed include Gilbert Ryle, Donald Davidson, Sydney Shoemaker, Roderick Chisholm, David Armstrong, Elizabeth Anscombe, Hector Castañeda, John Perry, Gareth Evans, and Peter Strawson, plus a few others who have made even more even more recent contributions to this discussion. Prerequisite: two courses in philosophy.

702 - Descartes
Wed 7:00-9:30
O’Neill, Bartlett 364
A detailed, critical examination of Descartes’ mature philosophical writings, along with selections from his scientific writings, and letters. The 1980s saw a burst of interest in understanding the views of the historical Descartes, which has only gained momentum. For eachof our meetings, we’ll evaluate several recent contributions to this secondary literature, which will force us to re-examine the relevant Cartesian texts. The primary sources in the original languages will be available in the library Reserve Room; the translation we’ll use will be the three-volume edition by Cottingham, et al. Prerequisites: graduate student status or permission of the instructor. Requirements: seminar presentations, a short paper, and a term paper.

792C - Chisholm
Mon 7:00-9:30
Feldman, Bartlett 362
Roderick Chisholm made important contributions to epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. In this course we will focus on some of the highlights: his distinctive form of foundationalism, the problem of the criterion, the adverbial theory of perception, and other topics in epistemology; the nature of the self, libertarianism, identity through time, mereological essentialism, the theory of categories, intentionality as the mark of the mental, and other topics in metaphysics; the defeat of good and evil, the logic of requirement, the theory of correct emotion, and other topics in ethics. We will also consider Chisholm’s distinctive views about philosophical methodology. The central text will be the Library of Living Philosophers volume on Chisholm. Other items will be announced at the appropriate time. Course requirements: exams, quizzes, papers, etc. Each student will submit a mid-term paper, an annotated bibliography, and a term paper. Active participation in seminar discussion is also required. Some students may be asked to give presentations. Prerequisites: enrollment in the UMass PhD Program, or permission of the instructor.

794E - Emergence
Tue 4:00-6:30
Baker, Bartlett 366
This seminar will be a study of nonreductive materialism. If physicalism is to be nonreductive, it seems that higher-level properties (e.g., the property of being conscious, and macroproperties generally) are themselves ontologically irreducible to lower-level properties. If they are irreducible, then it seems that either they are ontologically fundamental, or they emerge from lower-level properties. There is a lot of literature on the idea of emergence, some of which we’ll read. We’ll also consider the related question of “downward causation.” To enroll, a student must be in the graduate program in philosophy, or have permission of the instructor.

794P - Theories of Probability
Wed 3:35-6:05
Bricker, Bartlett 358
After a mini-course on the mathematical theory of probability, we will survey the standard philosophical theories - the classical theory (La Place), frequency theories (von Mises, Reichenbach), logical theories (Keynes, Carnap), subjective (or Bayesian) theories (Ramsey, de Finetti) and propensity theories of obective chance (Popper, Mellor, Lewis) - focusing on issues pertaining to subjective probability and objective chance.