511 - Modal Logic
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
This course is intended to follow Philosophy 310 (Intermediate Logic), and examines various modal logical systems including alethic modal logic, epistemic logic, deontic logic, tense logic, and the logic of propositional attitudes. Emphasis will be on quantification, identity, descriptions, scoped singular terms, and actuality. Text: Hardegree, Introduction to Modal Logic (available on-line). Prerequisite: Philosophy 310, or consent of the instructor. For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/511.

512 - Set Theory
Bricker, 356 Bartlett
The first ten weeks provide a self-contained, mathematically rigorous introduction to set theory, focusing on topics of philosophical relevance, including relations and functions, mathematical induction, infinite sets, and the Axiom of Choice. The last three weeks will focus on David Lewis's philosophical theory of sets, which combines set theory with mereology, the theory of parts and wholes. Texts: Enderton, The Elements of Set Theory; Lewis, Parts of Classes. Three take-home exams, and five or six problem sets. Prerequisites: some background in formal logic, or consent of the instructor.

563 - Ethical Theory
Feldman, 362 Bartlett
In the first half of this course we will study some of the most important theories in the normative ethics of behavior. Among these will be various forms of utilitarianism and various forms of Kantianism. In each case, one focus will be on clear and accurate formulation of the theory. Another focus will be on understanding and evaluating classic objections to the theories. In the second half of the course we will study some of the most important theories of axiology. Among these will be hedonism, eudaimonism, and various forms of axiological pluralism. Readings from Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Bentham, Mill, Kant, Ross, Moore, and others. Text: an anthology of papers in ethics, title TBA. Requirements: two take-home exams, no term paper. Prerequisite: two courses in philosophy.

591C - Causation in Early Modern Philosophy
Eileen O'Neill, 379 Bartlett
An examination of some pre-Humean early modern views about causation, including those of mechanism, neostoicism, occasionalism, and the pre-established harmony. Requirements: class presentation(s), a short paper on an assigned topic, and a term paper on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Undergraduates must have previously taken one of the following history courses (Phil. 321, 330 or 331) and an additional philosophy course.

591K - Kant
Bruce Aune, 360 Bartlett
This course will provide a critical examination of the principal claims and arguments in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Emphasis will be placed in the second edition of Kant's text, but some of the material from his first edition will also be examined. Textbook: Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, tr. Paul Guyer and Allen Wood (Cambridge: CUP,1997). Course requirements: Mid-semester and Final take-home exams. A term paper of 10-12 pages will also be required for graduate students.

701A - Aristotle
Gareth B. Matthews, 368 Bartlett
A close reading of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, plus a discussion of some of the most interesting recent secondary literature on Aristotle's Ethics, including three pieces by former students in this course. Course requirements: two or more seminar presentations, a short paper and a longer paper. Prerequisites: graduate status, or permission of the instructor.

750 - Metaphysics (Properties)
Jonathan Schaffer, 359 Bartlett
When two apples have the same color, do they literally share one thing (the universal of redness)? Or does each possess a distinct but similar thing (a red trope)? Or is this a mere nominal classifications of what are just two apples? In this course we shall discuss the ontological status of properties, and look at a range of related issues such as whether properties are categorical or dispositional, and whether properties are transworld or worldbound.

791F (WOST 791B) - Feminist Theory
Ann Ferguson, 370 Bartlett
This seminar will concern various feminist philosophical approaches to the study of gender and male domination, including approaches which insist as well on the relevance of other social domination relations (race, class, sexuality, nationality). The first part of the seminar will be a review of various feminist frameworks, including liberal, radical, psychoanalytic, marxist and socialist-feminist (the modernist approaches), and the postmodernist approaches of post-structuralism, post-colonialism and intersectionalities. The rest of the seminar will be organized by topics, which will include: feminist epistemology, subjectivity (the agency/structure question), identity politics and queer politics, the ethics and politics of care, the equality/difference debate (gender theory vs. sexual difference theory), and global feminist visions. Readings will include Tuana and Tong, eds. Feminism and Philosophy and Alexander and Mohanty, eds. Feminist Genealogies. Colonial Legacies. Democratic Futures, a xerox packet of readings, and books by Judith Butler (The Subject of Power), Joan Tronto (Moral Boundaries), and Angela Miles Integrative Feminisms ). Course requirements will include one or more class reports and a seminar paper.

791T - Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Kevin Klement, 353 Bartlett
An in-depth examination of Ludwig Wittgenstein's (1921) Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, its historical background, and philosophical influence. Topics include logical atomism, the picture theory of meaning, saying and showing, truth functionality, and mysticism. Texts: Wittgenstein's Tractatus and relevant secondary literature. Requirements: Weekly reading assignments, in-class presentation, and term paper. Prerequisite: Graduate student status, or consent of instructor.

793S - Ancient and Modern Scepticism
Casey Perin, 357 Bartlett
An examination of the variety of sceptical arguments offered in antiquity and the early modern period. We will focus on the relations sceptical arguments have been taken to have to doubt, suspension of judgment or belief, norms of rationality, and inquiry. The first half of the course will be devoted to the debate between the Stoics and the Academics over the possibility of knowledge and to Pyrrhonian scepticism. In the second half of the course we will first examine Descartes' use of the method of doubt and its connection with ancient scepticism. We will then turn to Hume and the relation in the Treatise of Human Nature between Hume's scepticism and his naturalism. Reading include texts from Cicero, Sextus Empiricus, Descartes, and Hume as well as articles by Frede, Burnyeat, Stroud, P. Strawson, Broughton and others.