511 - Modal Logic
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
This course is intended to follow Philosophy 310 (Intermediate
Logic), and examines various modal logical systems including
alethic modal logic, epistemic logic, deontic logic, tense logic,
and the logic of propositional attitudes. Emphasis will be on
quantification, identity, descriptions, scoped singular terms,
and actuality. Text: Hardegree, Introduction to Modal Logic (available on-line). Prerequisite: Philosophy 310, or consent
of the instructor. For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/511.
512 - Set Theory
Bricker, 356 Bartlett
The first ten weeks provide a self-contained, mathematically
rigorous introduction to set theory, focusing on topics of philosophical
relevance, including relations and functions, mathematical induction,
infinite sets, and the Axiom of Choice. The last three weeks
will focus on David Lewis's philosophical theory of sets, which
combines set theory with mereology, the theory of parts and wholes.
Texts: Enderton, The Elements of Set Theory; Lewis, Parts
of Classes. Three take-home exams, and five or six problem
sets. Prerequisites: some background in formal logic, or consent
of the instructor.
563 - Ethical Theory
Feldman, 362 Bartlett
In the first half of this course we will study some of the most
important theories in the normative ethics of behavior. Among
these will be various forms of utilitarianism and various forms
of Kantianism. In each case, one focus will be on clear and accurate
formulation of the theory. Another focus will be on understanding
and evaluating classic objections to the theories. In the second
half of the course we will study some of the most important theories
of axiology. Among these will be hedonism, eudaimonism, and various
forms of axiological pluralism. Readings from Plato, Aristotle,
Epicurus, Bentham, Mill, Kant, Ross, Moore, and others. Text:
an anthology of papers in ethics, title TBA. Requirements: two
take-home exams, no term paper. Prerequisite: two courses in
591C - Causation in Early Modern Philosophy
Eileen O'Neill, 379 Bartlett
An examination of some pre-Humean early modern views about causation,
including those of mechanism, neostoicism, occasionalism, and
the pre-established harmony. Requirements: class presentation(s),
a short paper on an assigned topic, and a term paper on a topic
chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Undergraduates
must have previously taken one of the following history courses
(Phil. 321, 330 or 331) and an additional philosophy course.
591K - Kant
Bruce Aune, 360 Bartlett
This course will provide a critical examination of the principal
claims and arguments in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Emphasis
will be placed in the second edition of Kant's text, but some
of the material from his first edition will also be examined.
Textbook: Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, tr. Paul Guyer
and Allen Wood (Cambridge: CUP,1997). Course requirements: Mid-semester
and Final take-home exams. A term paper of 10-12 pages will also
be required for graduate students.
701A - Aristotle
Gareth B. Matthews, 368 Bartlett
A close reading of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, plus
a discussion of some of the most interesting recent secondary
literature on Aristotle's Ethics, including three pieces by former
students in this course. Course requirements: two or more seminar
presentations, a short paper and a longer paper. Prerequisites:
graduate status, or permission of the instructor.
750 - Metaphysics (Properties)
Jonathan Schaffer, 359 Bartlett
When two apples have the same color, do they literally share
one thing (the universal of redness)? Or does each possess a
distinct but similar thing (a red trope)? Or is this a mere nominal
classifications of what are just two apples? In this course we
shall discuss the ontological status of properties, and look
at a range of related issues such as whether properties are categorical
or dispositional, and whether properties are transworld or worldbound.
791F (WOST 791B) - Feminist Theory
Ann Ferguson, 370 Bartlett
This seminar will concern various feminist philosophical approaches
to the study of gender and male domination, including approaches
which insist as well on the relevance of other social domination
relations (race, class, sexuality, nationality). The first part
of the seminar will be a review of various feminist frameworks,
including liberal, radical, psychoanalytic, marxist and socialist-feminist
(the modernist approaches), and the postmodernist approaches
of post-structuralism, post-colonialism and intersectionalities.
The rest of the seminar will be organized by topics, which will
include: feminist epistemology, subjectivity (the agency/structure
question), identity politics and queer politics, the ethics and
politics of care, the equality/difference debate (gender theory
vs. sexual difference theory), and global feminist visions. Readings
will include Tuana and Tong, eds. Feminism and Philosophy and Alexander and Mohanty, eds. Feminist Genealogies.
Colonial Legacies. Democratic Futures, a xerox packet
of readings, and books by Judith Butler (The Subject of Power),
Joan Tronto (Moral Boundaries), and Angela Miles Integrative
Feminisms ). Course requirements will include one or more
class reports and a seminar paper.
791T - Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Kevin Klement, 353 Bartlett
An in-depth examination of Ludwig Wittgenstein's (1921) Tractatus
Logico-Philosophicus, its historical background, and philosophical
influence. Topics include logical atomism, the picture theory
of meaning, saying and showing, truth functionality, and mysticism.
Texts: Wittgenstein's Tractatus and relevant secondary literature.
Requirements: Weekly reading assignments, in-class presentation,
and term paper. Prerequisite: Graduate student status, or consent
793S - Ancient and Modern Scepticism
Casey Perin, 357 Bartlett
An examination of the variety of sceptical arguments offered
in antiquity and the early modern period. We will focus on the
relations sceptical arguments have been taken to have to doubt,
suspension of judgment or belief, norms of rationality, and inquiry.
The first half of the course will be devoted to the debate between
the Stoics and the Academics over the possibility of knowledge
and to Pyrrhonian scepticism. In the second half of the course
we will first examine Descartes' use of the method of doubt and
its connection with ancient scepticism. We will then turn to
Hume and the relation in the Treatise of Human Nature between Hume's scepticism and his naturalism. Reading include
texts from Cicero, Sextus Empiricus, Descartes, and Hume as well
as articles by Frede, Burnyeat, Stroud, P. Strawson, Broughton