511--Modal Logic
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
This course is intended to follow Philosophy 310 (Intermediate Logic), and examines various modal logical systems including alethic modal logic, epistemic logic, deontic logic, tense logic, and the logic of propositional attitudes.  Emphasis will be on quantification, identity, descriptions, scoped singular terms, and actuality.  Text:  Hardegree, Introduction to Modal Logic (available on-line).  Prerequisite:  Philosophy 310, or consent of the instructor.  For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/310.

562--History of Ethics
Feldman, 362 Bartlett
We will focus on a small number of classic works in the history of moral philosophy.  There will be a lot of reading; texts will be determined by class interest, but will probably include works by Plato, Aristotle, Mill, Kant, and Moore.  Requirements: take-home midterm exam; take-home final; occasional written homework assignments.  Prerequisites: two courses in philosophy, including an introductory course in ethics.

584--Philosophy of Language
Klement, 353 Bartlett
Selected topics in contemporary philosophy of language, including meaning, reference, naming, truth, speech acts, translation, and the nature of linguistic representation.  Text: The Philosophy of Language, ed. Martinich.  Requirements: essay exams; term paper.  Prerequisite for Undergraduates:  consent of the instructor.

585--Philosophical Theology
Baker, 366 Bartlett
This course will focus on the issue of the freedom of the will in theological contexts.  First we’ll consider Augustine’s anti-Pelagian writings (5th century), which seem to deny (what is now called) libertarian freedom.  Then we’ll consider Molina’s account of middle knowledge (16th century), which attempts to legitimate libertarian freedom in the context of Christian orthodoxy.  Next we’ll consider contemporary uses of Molina’s work to treat problems that arise in Christian theology, such as the problem of God’s foreknowledge and the problem of evil.  Finally, we’ll take up criticisms of Molina’s work and its contemporary uses.  Texts:  Augustine, Four Anti-Pelagian Writings;  Molina, On Divine Foreknowledge;  Flint, Divine Providence;  Hasker, God, Time and KnowledgeThe Problem of Evil (ed. Adams and Adams).  Requirements: class presentations; short paper; term paper.  Prerequisites: graduate status in philosophy, or four or more Undergraduate philosophy courses; not recommended for Undergraduates.

591W--Seminar: 17th-Century Women Philosophers
O'Neill, 379 Bartlett

595S--Semantics of Natural Language
Hardegree, 363 Bartlett
An introduction to categorial grammar and the semantics of natural language.  Compositionality; locality; type-driven semantics.  Comparison with generative grammar (cf. Linguistics 610). Text: Hardegree, Introduction to Categorial Grammar  (available on-line).  Prerequisite: consent of the instructor.  For more information, consult http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/595.

701P--Plato on Knowledge and Reality
Perin, office tba
The seminar will be devoted to a close reading of Plato's Theaetetus and to the philosophical questions about perception, belief, and knowledge raised by this dialogue. Texts: Myles Burnyeat's The Theaetetus of Plato (Hackett, 1990) and John McDowell's Plato: Theaetetus (Oxford, 1973). We shall also read relevant passages from other works of Plato and sample some of the more important secondary literature on the Theaetetus. Requirements: one substantial seminar presentation and a 15-25 page paper due at the end of term. Prerequisites: graduate status or permission of the instructor. No knowledge of Greek is required.

Bricker, 358 Bartlett
A survey of the contemporary debate between "robust" correspondence theories of truth and "minimalist" or deflationary theories. Special topics may include: truthmaker theory (facts, states of affairs); vagueness and the sorites paradox; contradiction and the Liar paradox. We will read Paul Horwich's Truth in its entirety, and selections from Scott Soames, Understanding Truth and Crispin Wright's Truth and Objectivity. Other authors include: Tarski, Kripke, Field, Armstrong, Lewis, and Priest. The Oxford anthology, Truth, edited by Simon Blackburn and Keith Simmons will provide some background essays.

793E--Epistemic Contextualism
Schaffer, 359 Bartlett
Epistemic contextualism is the view that "knowledge" functions like an indexical, in that the truth-conditions of knowledge ascriptions are context-variant. Contextualism has been said to resolve such longstanding problems as skepticism, the Gettier problem, and the lottery paradox, interalia. We will assess the prospects for contextualism.

793S--Speech Act Theory
Klement, 353 Bartlett
Close examination of speech act theory and its relation to philosophy, with a particular emphasis on the work of J.L. Austin. Topics include performative utterances, locutionary, illucutionary and perlocutionary acts, conversational implicature, speakers' and hearers' meaning, and the relationship between pragmatics and semantics. We shall also be exploring the potential relevance (or lack thereof) of these things for traditional philosophical problems in ethics, epistemology and metaphysics. Texts: works by Austin, Searle, Grice, Cavell, Strawson, Stalnaker, Martinich, Vanderveken, Vendler and/or others. Requirements: weekly reading assignments, seminar presentations and term paper. Prerequisites: graduate student status, or consent of instructor.

Phil 793V--Leibniz
Brown, 358 Bartlett
An examination of some central issues in contemporary Leibniz scholarship, including the nature of substance, possible worlds, and relations.
Leibniz, G. W., Philosophical Essays. Translated by Ariew and Garber. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1989 (ISBN:0-87220-062-0).
Adams, Robert M., Leibniz. New York: Oxford, 1994 (ISBN: 0195126491).
Cover, Jan and John O'Leary-Hawthorne, Substance and Individuation in Leibniz. New York: Cambridge, 1999 (ISBN: 0521593948)
Jolley, Nicholas, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. New York: Cambridge, 1995 (ISBN: 0521367697).
Rutherford, Donald, Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature. New York: Cambridge, 1995 (ISBN: 0521597374).