The University of Massachusetts Amherst
UManage Center

Year Four Pilot Projects

The Impact of Sleep Deprivation on Human Milk Composition

PI: Carrie-Ellen Briere, RN, PhD, CLC

Co-I: David Sela, PhD

Co-I: Rebecca Spencer, PhD

Dr. Briere is a human milk scientist focused on stem cells and other bioactives. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between mothers’ sleep loss and human milk composition. If a relationship exists, interventions to improve the self-management of sleep loss and sleep deprivation in new mothers will be tested.

Little is known about the impact of sleep deprivation on human milk composition. Such knowledge is needed to support the importance of developing interventions of self-management of sleep hygiene in the postpartum period where nonaction might have negative health repercussions for mothers and infants.

This project posits that human milk composition is suboptimal under conditions of maternal sleep deprivation and this, in turn, could impair infant development, which may further enhance maternal stress. Therefore, the overarching hypothesis of this research is that better self-management of maternal sleep will improve human milk composition, and reduce signs of maternal stress. The secondary aims for this pilot study are to describe sleep patterns of breastfeeding mothers in the first four to six weeks postpartum and to analyze human milk composition longitudinally within and between mothers and evaluate potential associations with sleep loss.

Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number P20NR016599. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official view of the National Institutes of Health.

Carrie-Ellen Briere

Assistant Professor

Campus Address: 
Skinner Hall 228
Phone: 
413.545.5015
E-Mail: 

cbriere@umass.edu

 

Monitoring and Self-Management of Sleep Fatigue and Dyspnea to Improve Heart Failure Outcomes in African Americans

PI: Heather Hamilton, RN, PhD

Co-I: Jenna Marquard, PhD

Dr. Hamilton is a nurse scientist who is committed to reducing health disparities in Afircan American adults using technology. The purpose of this study is to test whether daily monitoring of fatigue and sleep using a wrist-worn device can improve self-management and aid in the early detection of the signs and symptoms of circulatory fluid overload in individuals with heart failure. The long-term goal of the research is to develop and improve self-management strategies leading to early detection of worsening of HF in African-American adults.

  Early detection of circulatory fluid overload in individuals with heart failure remains a challenge. Sleep disruptions and fatigue are known to be associated with circulatory fluid overload. Therefore, early detection of fatigue and sleep disruptions may provide a window for self-management and the possibility of early intervention among adults with heart failure. Personalized health monitoring devices are a potential new way to track fatigue and sleep disruptions in adults with heart failure. The central hypothesis of this study is that the use of wearable devices will provide a self-management tool for the early detection of changes in symptoms of heart failure.

Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number P20NR016599. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official view of the National Institutes of Health.

Heather Hamilton

Clinical Assistant Professor

Campus Address: 
Skinner Hall 236
Phone: 
413.545.5016