“Reclaiming American Cities: The Struggle for People, Place, and Nature since 1900,” by Rutherford H. Platt, professor emeritus of geography, has been published by the University of Massachusetts Press.
The book explores how American cities are becoming more pluralistic, green, and humane after a century of top-down urban policies.
For most of the past century, urban America was dominated by top-down policies serving the white business and cultural elite, the suburbs and the automobile. At times, these approaches were fiercely challenged by reformers such as Jane Addams and Jane Jacobs. Yet by the 1980s, mainstream policies had resulted in a nation of ravaged central cities, sprawling suburbs, social and economic polarization, and incalculable environmental damage.
In the 1990s, this entrenched model finally yielded to change as local citizens, neighborhood groups, and other stakeholders, empowered by a spate of new laws and policies, began asserting their own needs and priorities. Though hampered by fiscal crises and internal disagreements, these popular initiatives launched what the author terms a new era of “humane urbanism” marked by a determination to make cities and suburbs greener, healthier, safer, more equitable, more efficient, and generally more people-friendly. In the process, the mayors, architects, engineers, and bureaucrats who had previously dominated urban policy found themselves relegated to supporting roles.
As Platt points out, humane urbanism can take many forms, from affordable housing and networks of bike paths to refurbished waterfronts and urban farms. Often spontaneous, low-tech, and self-sustaining programs, their shared goal is to connect people to one another and to bring nature back into the city. “Reclaiming American Cities” examines both sides of this historic transformation: the long struggle against patricians and technocrats of earlier decades and the recent sprouting of grassroots efforts to make metropolitan America more humane and sustainable.
Among Platt’s publications are “The Ecological City: Preserving and Restoring Urban Biodiversity” (1994) and “The Humane Metropolis: People and Nature in the 21st-Century City” (2006), also published by the UMass Press. The fourth edition of his textbook “Land Use and Society: Geography, Law, and Public Policy” will be released in 2014.
The book is available for $28.95. Place orders at University of Massachusetts Press. Use promo code S545 when ordering directly through UMass Press to receive a New Year special discount of 30 percent through the end of February.