Concept mapping is
a technique for representing what you know about a given topic. Concept
maps are an external visualization of a person's internal schema, or how
the person conceptualizes a topic. It is a process of creating a visual
"map" or "web" of one's knowledge. Creating a concept map is a good way
for someone to find the key concepts in lectures and reading. It also
allows one to show how different pieces of knowledge relate to one another.
Because concept maps
are an external visualization of a person's internal schema, or how the
person conceptualizes a topic, they are an excellent tool for assessing
the level of a learner's knowledge on a given topic.
How to do a Map
Print in capitals,
for ease of reading. This will also encourage you to keep the points
Use unlined paper,
since the presence of lines on paper may hinder the non-linear process
of Mapping. If you must use lined paper, turn it so the lines are vertical.
Use paper with
no previous writing on it.
Connect all words
or phrases or lists with lines, to the centre or to other "branches."
When you get a new idea, start again with a new "spoke" from the centre.
Go quickly, without
pausing -- try to keep up with the flow of ideas. Do not stop to decide
where something should goi.e. to order or organize material -- just
get it down. Ordering and analyzing are "linear" activities and will
disrupt the Mapping process.
Write down everything
you can think of without judging or editing -- these activites will
also disrupt the Mapping process.
If you come to
a standstill, look over what you have done to see if you have left anything
You may want to
use color-coding, to group sections of the Map.
Patterns That May Appear in a Concept-Map
idea may branch many times to include both closely and distantly related
may want to use arrows to join ideas from different branches.
a number of branches contain related ideas, you may want to draw a circle
around the whole area.
notes. You may want to write a few sentences in the Map itself,
to explain, question, or comment on some aspect of your Map -- for example,
the relationship between some of the ideas.