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Designing Sustainable Landscapes

Products

 
Quicklinks

This page contains links to all distributed data products of the Designing Sustainable Landscapes (DSL) project, including products associated with the "Connect the Connecticut" landscape conservation design (LCD) project and products associated with the LCD for the entire Northeast Region.

Connect the Connecticut landscape conservation design project:

The link below includes the complete DSL data package for the "Connect the Connecticut" landscape conservation design (CTR-LCD) project and the associated documentation. Note, the technical document on the DSL Landscape Conservation Design with an appendix that includes a description of each of the data layers in the this data package is included in the data zip file.

NOTE, all spatial data layers in this package are projected using NAD 1983 Albers and all raster products are generated at, or resampled to, a resolution of 30 m. The extent of each spatial dataset is the Connecticut River watershed, including portions of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Vermont.

  • CTR-LCD Data package [document; 5/18/2016] [data; 5/18/2016; 1 GB]

Northeast landscape conservation design:

The links below include DSL data products for the entire Northeast region. Note, a thorough understanding of these data products will require referencing the detailed technical documents.

The spatial data products are organized into logical groups, as follows:

  1. Ecological settings products
  2. Ecological integrity products
  3. Focal species products
  4. Landscape conservation design products
  5. Ancillary products

IMPORTANT: all spatial data layers are projected using NAD 1983 Albers and all raster products are generated at, or resampled to, a resolution of 30 m. The extent of each spatial dataset is the Northeast region of the United States, including 13 states and Washington DC. These spatial data products are distributed as compressed zip files containing either GeoTIFFs or ESRI ArcGIS shapefiles (see 'data' links below). Metadata describing the data products in each zip file are distributed separately with each zip file (see 'doc' links below) and contain information vital to understanding the products and their proper use and interpretation. If a product does not have a 'doc' link then the documentation is under development and will be posted upon completion.

Note, to efficiently display the GeoTIFFs and shapefiles in ArcMap at the full regional extent, pyramids are necessary. Most of the prodcuts come with the overview file included in the zip file. However, if the file does not include the oveview file, then in ArcMap, use the Data Management > Raster > Raster Properties > Build Pyramids tool and set the pyramid resampling technique in the Raster Storage environment setting to the ‘nearest’ option to display the data properly. Answering ‘yes’ in the build pyramids dialog box that appears on import will implement bilinear resampling and display will be incorrect.

Ecological settings products

The ecological settings products include a broad suite of static as well as dynamic abiotic and biotic variables representing the natural and anthropogenic environment at each location (cell). Static variables are those that do not change over time (e.g., elevation, incident solar radiation). Dynamic variables are those that change over time in response to succession and the drivers (e.g., growing season degree days, traffic rate). Most of the settings variables are continuous and thus represent landscape heterogeneity as continuous (e.g., slope, biomass), although some are categorical and thus represent heterogeneity as discrete (e.g., developed, hard development). Importantly, the settings variables include a broad but parsimonious suite of attributes that can be used to define the ecological system at any point in time; they are considered primary determinants of ecosystem composition, structure and function, and determine the ecological similarity between any two locations. As such, they play a key role in the ecological integrity assessment, they are used in species' habitat models to represent important habitat components, as appropriate, and are sometimes used in other model components. The settings provide a rich, multivariate representation of important landscape attributes.

2010 products:

  • All 2010 settings grids [data; 3/17/2017; 6.1 GB]
  • Aquatic barriers [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 10.4 MB]
  • Biomass [data; 3/17/2017; 679 MB]
  • CaC03 content [doc; 3/29/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 130 MB]
  • Development: [doc; 3/28/2017]
    • Developed [data; 3/17/2017; 115 MB]
    • Hard development [data; 3/17/2017; 88 MB]
  • Flow gradient [data; 3/17/2017; 131 MB]
  • Flow volume [data; 3/17/2017; 150 MB]
  • Gibbs traffic rate [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 113 MB]
  • Temperature: [doc; 4/3/2017]
    • Growing season degree days [data; 3/17/2017; 241 MB]
    • Heat index 35 [data; 3/17/2017; 72 MB]
    • Minimum winter temperature [data; 3/17/2017; 680 MB]
  • Incident solar radiation [doc; 4/3/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Percent imperviousness [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 183 MB]
  • Potential dominant life form [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 212 MB]
  • Slope [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 745 MB]
  • Soils: [doc; 3/28/2017]
    • Soil available water supply [data; 3/17/2017; 95 MB]
    • Soil depth [data; 3/17/2017; 87 MB]
    • Soil pH [data; 3/17/2017; 88 MB]
  • Stream temperature [doc; 3/29/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 73 MB]
  • Substrate mobility [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 26 MB]
  • Terrestrial barriers [data; 3/17/2017; 97 MB]
  • Tides [doc; 2/6/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 28 MB]
  • Topographic wetness [data; 3/17/2017; 1.1 GB]
  • Water salinity [doc; 3/29/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 10 MB]
  • Wind exposure [doc; 3/28/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 59 MB]

2080 products (including dynamic settings variables): [see docs above]

  • All 2080 settings grids [data; 3/17/2017; 4.6 GB]
  • Growing season degree days [data; 3/17/2017; 491 MB]
  • Heat index 35 [data; 3/17/2017; 433 MB]
  • Minimum winter temperature [data; 3/17/2017; 1.3 GB]
  • Topographic wetness [data; 3/17/2017; 2.1 GB]
  • Flow volume [data; 3/17/2017; 300 MB]

Ecological integrity products

The ecological integrity products represent a set of metrics corresponding to our ecosystem-based ecological assessment (see Integrity document for details). The ecological integrity metrics include a variety of measures of intactness and resiliency. The individual metrics are also combined into a composite local index of ecological integrity (IEI) that is quantile-scaled by community (or ecological systems) within each state, ecoregion and HUC6 watershed to provide the logical spatial context for conservation design. Note, IEI can be scaled to any extent for a specific application. For 2010, we include metrics representing the ecological condition of the landscape roughly around the year 2010. For 2080, we include the index of ecological impact and IEI averaged across all replicate simulations of a specified landscape change scenario. The impact index reflects the magnitude of loss in ecological integrity due to climate change and urban growth under a specified landscape change scenario.

2010 products:

Index of ecological integrity (IEI) [doc; 1/23/2016] -- IEI grids are scaled by ecosytem (i.e., "habitat" in the TNC classification), as depicted in the DSLland grid (attributed to display either ecosytems or formations, and including an ArcMap layer file with suggested symbology), and by various geographic extents (see ancillary products below for shapefiles and rasters of the various geographic extents):

  • DSLland [doc; 3/12/2017] [data (includes ArcMap layer file with suggested symbology); 3/17/2017; 381 MB]
  • IEI scaled by Northest region [data; 3/17/2017; 945 MB]
  • IEI scaled by state [data; 3/17/2017; 954 MB]
  • IEI scaled by ecoregion [data; 3/17/2017; 953 MB]
  • IEI scaled by HUC6 watershed [data; 3/17/2017; 961 MB]

Individual metrics:

  • All 2010 integrity grids [data; 3/17/2017; 10.1 GB]
  • Aquatic connectedness [data; 3/17/2017; 153 MB]
  • Connectedness [data; 3/17/2017; 935 MB]
  • Dam intensity [data; 3/17/2017; 113 MB]
  • Domestic predators [data; 3/17/2017; 302 MB]
  • Edge predators [data; 3/17/2017; 1.1 GB]
  • Edges [data; 3/17/2017; 644 MB]
  • Habitat loss [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Invasive plants [data; 3/17/2017; 984 MB]
  • Invasive worms [data; 3/17/2017; 967 MB]
  • Mowing and plowing [data; 3/17/2017; 842 MB]
  • Nutrients [data; 3/17/2017; 243 MB]
  • Salt [data; 3/17/2017; 286 MB]
  • Salt marsh ditching [doc; 3/6/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 16 MB]
  • Sediment [data; 3/17/2017; 372 MB]
  • Similarity [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Tidal restrictions [doc; 10/26/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 7 MB]
  • Traffic [data; 3/17/2017; 349 MB]
  • Watershed habitat loss [data; 3/17/2017; 362 MB]
  • Watershed imperviousness [data; 3/17/2017; 263 MB]

2080 products:

Index of ecological integrity (IEI) [not available yet]

  • IEI scaled by Northest region [not available yet]
  • IEI scaled by state [not available yet]
  • IEI scaled by ecoregion[not available yet]
  • IEI scaled by HUC6 watershed [not available yet]

Index of ecological impact [not available yet]

Individual metrics:

  • All 2080 integrity grids [data; 3/17/2017; 574 MB]
  • Climate stress [data; 3/17/2017; 433 MB]
  • Sea level rise [data; 3/31/2017; 173 MB]

Focal species products

The focal species products represent the output of our focal species (a.k.a. representative species) assessment (see Species document for details). For 2010, we include the climate niche index (speciesCN2010) and composite landscape capability index (speciesLC2010), all scaled as a 0-1 gradient based on the condition of the landscape roughly around the year 2010. For 2080, we include the climate niche index (speciesCN2080), climate response index (speciesCR2080) and climate zones shapefile (speciesCZ2080), all averaged across two climate change scenarios: RCP 4.5 and 8.5. Eventually, we will add the landscape capability index (speciesLC2080) and habitat response index (speciesHR2080) averaged across all replicate simulations of a specified landscape change scneario, as described in the species documentation.

Ecoloical systems map for species modeling [abstract] -- The species models use a version of the DSLland grid that contains a finer thematic resolution, in which some ecosystems are further classified into subsystems, and in which headwater creeks are not included.

  • DSL_subsysland [doc; 2/6/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 368 MB]

2010 products:

  • All 2010 species grids [doc; 3/17/2017] [data; 3/17/2017; 27.5 GB]
  • American black duck (breeding) [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.3 GB]
  • American black duck (nonbreeding) [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • American oystercatcher [doc; 8/10/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 672 MB]
  • American woodcock [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Bicknell's thrush [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 85 MB]
  • Black bear [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 743 MB]
  • Blackburnian warbler [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.1 GB]
  • Blackpoll warbler [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 256 MB]
  • Box turtle [doc; 12/22/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Brown-headed nuthatch [doc; 11/6/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 319 MB]
  • Cerulean warbler [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.9 GB]
  • Common loon [doc; 5/26/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 456 MB]
  • Diamondback terrapin [doc; 1/19/2016] [data; 3/179/2017; 989 MB]
  • Eastern meadowlark [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Louisiana waterthrush [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 991 MB]
  • Marsh wren [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1 GB]
  • Moose [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 329 MB]
  • Northern waterthrush [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 688 MB]
  • Ovenbird [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.9 GB]
  • Piping plover [doc; 10/18/2016] [data*; 3/17/2017; 668 MB]
  • Prairie warbler [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 858 MB]
  • Red-shouldered hawk [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Ruffed grouse [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.6 GB]
  • Saltmarsh sparrow [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 717 MB]
  • Sanderling [doc; 3/28/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 7 MB]
  • Snowshoe hare [doc; 1/28/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Snowy egret [doc; 6/10/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 986 MB]
  • Virginia rail [doc; 2/18/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 708 MB]
  • Wood duck [doc; 10/8/2015] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.1 GB]
  • Wood thrush [doc; 9/1/2016] [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Wood turtle [doc; 10/8/2015] [data*; 3/9/2017; 1.4 GB]

*Sensitive information, contact the NALCC to potentially aquire this data.

2080 products: (see documents linked above for these products as well)

  • All 2080 species grids [data; 3/17/2017; 24.1 GB]
  • American black duck (breeding) [data; 3/17/2017; 1 GB]
  • American black duck (nonbreeding) [data; 3/17/2017; 984 MB]
  • American oystercatcher [data; 3/17/2017; 437 MB]
  • American woodcock [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Bicknell's thrush [data; 3/17/2017; 16 MB]
  • Black bear [not available]
  • Blackburnian warbler [data; 3/17/2017; 685 MB]
  • Blackpoll warbler [data; 3/17/2017; 73 MB]
  • Box turtle [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Brown-headed nuthatch [data; 3/17/2017; 708 MB]
  • Cerulean warbler [data; 3/17/2017; 1.7 GB]
  • Common loon [data; 3/17/2017; 313 MB]
  • Diamondback terrapin [data; 3/17/2017; 1 GB]
  • Eastern meadowlark [data; 3/17/2017; 1 GB]
  • Louisiana waterthrush [data; 3/17/2017; 1.1 GB]
  • Marsh wren [data; 3/17/2017; 919 MB]
  • Moose [data; 3/17/2017; 357 MB]
  • Northern waterthrush [data; 3/17/2017; 360 MB]
  • Ovenbird [data; 3/17/2017; 2 GB]
  • Piping plover [data*; 3/17/2017; 349 MB]
  • Prairie warbler [data; 3/17/2017; 1.1 GB]
  • Red-shouldered hawk [data; 3/17/2017; 1.4 GB]
  • Ruffed grouse [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Saltmarsh sparrow [data; 3/17/2017; 129 MB]
  • Sanderling [not available]
  • Snowshoe hare [data; 3/17/2017; 894 MB]
  • Snowy egret [data; 3/17/2017; 719 MB]
  • Virginia rail [data; 3/17/2017; 596 MB]
  • Wood duck [data; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]
  • Wood thrush [data; 3/17/2017; 1.6 GB]
  • Wood turtle [data*; 3/17/2017; 1.2 GB]

*Sensitive information, contact the NALCC to potentially aquire this data.

Landscape conservation design products

The landscape conservation design products include a set of derived products to aid in biodiversity conservation. These products are intended to focus conservation actions, including land protection, management, and restoration where it will likely do the most good towards conserving biodiversity within the landscape. The geographic extent of these products is the entire Northeast region of the United States. These products provide a regional perspective on biodiversity conservation that can complement or supplement conservation planning done at local or finer extents. Importantly, although these landscape design products offer a way to strategically focus limited conservation resources, they are not a complete solution to biodiversity conservation in the region. Instead, these design products serve as a starting point that should be used in combination with other sources of information to direct conservation. Landscape conservation design is not a single product. Rather, it is a package of data products that collectively identify terrestrial core areas and connectors, aquatic core areas and their watershed-based buffers, restoration opportunities for dam removal and culvert upgrades, and places vulnerable to the loss of ecological value from future development.

Terrestrial Core Areas:

The landscape conservation design products below include a suite of 9 alternative terrestrial core area networks that we developed for the northeastern U.S.. Each alternative was designed using a different suite of biodiversity surrogates as described in McGarigal et al (in review, which will be posted here after acceptance/publication) for the purpose of evaluating the sensitivity of the derived core area network to the approach for selecting cores. In all scenarios, core areas were selected based on products scaled by HUC6 watersheds to ensure a well-distributed ecological network across the region. For each scenario, we provide the product in two formats: 1) ESRI shape file in which the cores are represented as unattributed unique polygons, and 2) Raster 30 m geotiff in which the cells are classified as 0=background or 1=core.

  • Multi-surrogate cores cores based on a complementary approach using the mean of ecosystem- and geophysical setting-based indices complemented with the species-based indices as developed for the Natura's Network design (which was slightly different than the comparable approach above). Note, the cores in these products are identical to those presented below with the Nature's Network products, except that these have no attribution for consistency with the other scenarios presented here:

  • Overlap across the 5 single surrogate solutions above, in which the cell value (0-5) indicates how many of the core area solutions included the cell:

Nature's Network:

Nature's Network (which is referred to as the Regional Conservation Opportunity Areas, RCOAs in the documents below) is a suite of landscape design products that we developed primarily under the auspices of the northeastern regional landscape conservation design project led by the North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative. See www.naturesnetwork.org for more details.

  • HUC6 terrestrial cores and connectors [doc; 3/7/2017]-- this is the primary landscape design product for terrestrial and wetland ecosystems and associated focal species. Terrestrial core areas were selected based on products scaled by HUC6 watersheds to ensure a well-distributed ecological network across the region. This product is distributed in two formats, as described in the documentation:

  • HUC6 terrestrial core tiers [doc; 3/7/2017] -- this is a secondary design product for terrestrial and wetland ecosystems and associated focal species. Terrestrial core tiers includes the largely undeveloped and road-bounded "natural blocks" surrounding the HUC6 terrestrial cores. These natural blocks function to provide supporting landscape for the cores and serve as more practical (i.e., more easily identifiable) conservation units than the cores. This product is distributed in two formats, as described in the documentation:


  • Northeast terrestrial ecosystem cores [doc; 3/7/2017] -- this is a secondary design product for terrestrial and wetland ecosystems and associated focal species. Northeast terrestrial ecosystem cores were selected based solely on ecosystem-based products scaled by the entire Northeast region to ensure that the best places in the region for each ecosystem and geophysical setting were captured in the cores. Focal species were not explicitly considered in this set of cores. This product is distributed in two formats, as described in the documentation:

  • Conductance [doc; 3/7/2017] -- this is a supplemental design product for the HUC6 terrestrial cores and connectors. Regional conductance reveals places potentially important for maintaining connectivity between the desginated core areas. Importantly, regional conductance is contingent upon the a prior designation of terrestrial core areas, and thus is it only meaningful when referenced to those designated terrestrial cores. HUC6 regional conductance is based on the HUC6 terrestrial cores and provides a continuous surface of conductance values between cores as an alternative to the discrete (binary) representation of "connectors" in the HUC6 terrestrial core-connector network:


  • Integrated probability of development [doc; 7/31/2017] -- this is an ancillary design product for terrestrial and wetland ecosystems and associated focal species representing the relative probability of any kind of development (low-, medium-, and high-intensity) occurring sometime between 2010-2080. This product can be used in combination with any of the other design products that reveal places of high ecological value to indicate places of ecological value that are at risk of development and thus may warrant land protection:

  • Vulnerability [doc; 8/1/2017] -- this is a couple of supplemental design products representing the vulnerability of high-valued places to future development. Local vulnerability depicts the potential loss of local connectivity due to future development independent of any designated terrestrial cores, and regional vulnerability depicts the potential loss of connectivity between the designated HUC6 terrestrial core areas due to future development. Importantly, regional vulnerability is contingent upon the a prior designation of terrestrial core areas, and thus is it only meaningful when referenced to those designated terrestrial cores. There are two separate products, as described in the documentation:

  • HUC6 aquatic cores and buffers [doc; 3/7/2017] -- this is the suite of primary design products for aquatic ecosystems and associated focal species. Aquatic core areas, including both lotic (river and stream) and lentic (lake and pond) cores, were selected based on products scaled by HUC6 watersheds to ensure a well-distributed ecological network across the region. Watershed buffers represent the areas estimated to have a strong influence on the integrity of the aquatic cores based on watershed processes. There are four separate products, as described in the documentation:


  • Northeast aquatic cores [doc; 5/5/2017] -- this is a suite of secondary design products for aquatic ecosystems and associated focal species. Aquatic core areas, including both lotic (river and stream) and lentic (lake and pond) cores, were selected based on products scaled by the entire Northeast region to ensure that the best places in the region for each ecosystem were captured in the cores. There are three separate products, as described in the documentation:

  • Critical local linkages [doc; 3/7/2017] -- this is a couple of primary design products that measure the relative potential to improve local aquatic connectivity through restoration, including dam removals and culvert upgrades. Each road-stream crossing or dam is scored based on its potential to improve local aquatic connectivity through the corresponding restoration action, but only where it matters -- in places where the current ecological integrity is not already seriously degraded too much. There are two separate products, as described in the documentation:

Ancillary grids

The ancillary variables include a variety of static data layers used in various model components, or for depicting the various geographic extents for which various products were scaled, or for general purposes such as visual display of the model.

  • Untransformed average annual daily traffic rate [data; 3/17/2017; 163 MB]
  • Edited high-resolution NHD flowlines [data; 3/17/2017; 409 MB]
  • Roads (shapefile) [data; 4/24/2017; 578 MB]
  • Northeast region (raster) [data; 3/17/2017; 2 MB]
  • Northeast region (shapefile) [data; 3/17/2017; 75 KB]
  • Ecoregions (raster) [data; 3/17/2017; 8 MB]
  • Ecoregions (shapefile) [data; 3/17/2017; 11 MB]
  • States (raster) [data; 3/17/2017; 4 MB]
  • States (shapefile) [data; 3/17/2017; 4 MB]
  • HUC6 watersheds [doc; 7/20/2017]
    • HUC6 watersheds (raster) [data; 3/17/2017; 4 MB]
    • HUC6 watersheds (shapefile) [data; 3/17/2017; 11 MB]
  • HUC8 watersheds (raster) [data; 3/17/2017; 9 MB]
  • HUC8 watersheds (shapefile) [data; 3/17/2017; 25 MB]
  • Hillshade (raster)) [data; 3/17/2017; 978 MB]

For more information, please contact:
Dr. Kevin McGarigal
Department of Environmental Conservation
University of Massachusetts
304 Holdsworth Natural Resources Center
Box 34210, Amherst, MA 01003
Fax: (413) 545-4358; Phone: (413) 577-0655
Email: mcgarigalk@eco.umass.edu

Copyright 2000 University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts, 01003. (413) 545-0111. This is an official page of the University of Massachusetts Amherst campus. All material in this website is made available according to the Fair Use Statute of the U.S. Copyright Act