David Wyman, Professor Emeritus, Passes Away at 89
Friday, March 23, 2018
Friday, March 23, 2018
David S. Wyman, Josiah E. DuBois, Jr. Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Amherst died on March 14, 2018 at age 89. Wyman was leading scholar of the U.S. response to the Holocaust whose book The Abandonment of the Jews was a provocative, best-selling critique of everyone from religious leaders to President Franklin Roosevelt.
The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies announced that Wyman died at his home in Amherst, Massachusetts, after a lengthy illness.
He was best known for The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-45, which came out in 1984 and sharply intensified a debate that began during the war. Wyman found widespread indifference and hostility to the Jews in Europe, even as their systematic extermination was conclusively documented. He faulted religious organizations, Jewish and non-Jewish; mainstream newspapers and movies; and the anti-Jewish feelings of the general public.
Elie Wiesel, the Nobel laureate and Holocaust survivor, praised Wyman for his “courageous, lucid, painful book.” And The Abandonment of the Jews received several honors, including the National Jewish Book Award, and a nomination from the National Book Critics Circle.
Most scholars accepted his general argument that the U.S had done too little, but some disagreed with individual aspects, such as whether the U.S. could have disrupted or destroyed the Nazi camps. Roosevelt defenders, meanwhile, believed Wyman had failed to appreciate that the president’s options were limited.
“FDR well understood that it would be fatal to let the war be defined as a war to save the Jews,” historian and Roosevelt biographer Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. wrote in Newsweek in 1994, around the time a television documentary based on Wyman’s book aired. “He knew that he must emphasize the large and vital interest all Americans had in stopping Hitler, and that is what he did. And he knew that winning the war was the only way to save the people in the concentration camps.”
Wyman’s book was credited with helping to inspire the American rescue of hundreds of Ethiopian Jews stranded in Sudan in 1985. John R. Miller, a congressman and later an ambassador for combatting human trafficking, told a Wyman Institute conference that he had given copies of the book to then-Vice President George H.W. Bush and his top aides. According to Miller, Bush called “Abandonment of the Jews” a major factor in the U.S. decision to airlift the Jews and eventually bring them to Israel.
Bush later sent the author a handwritten note of gratitude.
Wyman was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1929 and recalled his parents imparting “not just tolerance, but a high degree of respect for all different people.” He studied history as an undergraduate at Boston University and received a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1962. He had intended to focus on the Progressive era of the early 20th century until he had an epiphany while walking in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where Harvard is located.
“Out of nowhere comes this question: What did the United States do while the Jews were being persecuted and mass-murdered?” he would recall.
Wyman taught elementary school and high school in Massachusetts and New Hampshire and was a history lecturer at Clark University and Northeastern University before joining the UMass Amherst faculty in 1966 and remaining for 25 years.
In 1950, Wyman married Mildred Smith, with whom he had two children, Jim and Teresa. Mildred Wyman, often called Midge, died in 2003.
This article was originally published by the College of Humanities and Fine Arts at https://www.umass.edu/hfa/news/david-wyman-professor-emeritus-passes-away-89