University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Past Programs & Events

Oct 17, 2013

School Pictures in Liquid Time Assimilation, Exclusion, Resistance

WITH MARIANNE HIRSCH AND LEO SPITZER

Photographs of school classes appear very early in the history of photography and are pervasive in individual and family albums throughout the world.  Despite their ubiquity as potent media for recall and memorialization, class photos have received little critical attention.  This talk examines the ideological deployment as well as the historical, memorial, and aesthetic dimensions of class photographs as a vernacular genre.  Reflecting specifically at the process of exclusion of Jews in 20th century Central Europe, it looks at school pictures taken in the 1920’s and 30s, as well as in sanctioned and clandestine schools – some, in ghettos and camps – in the years of the Holocaust.  It analyzes both historical images and critical re-framings by contemporary artists who expose photography’s ideological role within political climates that shifted from emancipation and integration to exclusion, persecution and genocide. 
A light reception will follow.  

Speakers:

MARIANNE HIRSCH is William Peterfield Trent Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University and Professor in the Institute for Research on Women and Gender. She is President of the Modern Language Association of America. Hirsch's recent books include The Generation of Postmemory: Writing and Visual Culture After the Holocaust (Columbia University Press, 2012), Ghosts of Home: The Afterlife of Czernowitz in Jewish Memory, co-authored with Leo Spitzer(University of California Press, 2010), Rites of Return: Diaspora, Poetics and the Politics of Memory, co-edited with Nancy K. Miller (Columbia University Press, 2011). With Diana Taylor she co-edited the Summer 2012 issue of é-misferica on “The Subject of Archives.” Other recent publications include Family Frames: Photography, Narrative, and Postmemory (1997), The Familial Gaze (ed.1999), a special issue of Signs on "Gender and Cultural Memory" (co-ed. 2002), and Teaching the Representation of the Holocaust (co-ed. 2004. Hirsch is one of the founders of Columbia’s Center for the Study of Social Difference

LEO SPITZER is the Vernon Professor of History Emeritus at Dartmouth College. The recipient of numerous fellowships, including a John Simon Guggenheim Foundation and a National Humanities Center award, he writes on photography, testimony, and Jewish refugee memory and its transmission.  His most recent book, co-authored with Marianne Hirsch, is Ghosts of Home: The Afterlife of Czernowitz in Jewish Memory.  He is also the author of Hotel Bolivia: The Culture of Memory in a Refuge from Nazism (Hill & Wang, 1998); Lives in Between: Assimilation and Marginality in Austria, Brazil and West Africa (Hill & Wang, 1999); The Creoles of Sierra Leone: Responses to Colonialism(Wisconsin, 1974); and co-editor, with Mieke Bal and Jonathan Crewe, of Acts of Memory: Cultural Recall in the Present (UPNE, 1999).  He is currently working on The Americanization of Poldi, a memoir about Jewish refugee immigration and acculturation in New York in the 1950s and, with Marianne Hirsch, on a book of essays on school photos.

 

Oct 8, 2013

Professor Mamlock

1938, dirs. Herbert Rappaport and Adolf Minkin, 100 min

Made in Stalin’s Russia, Professor Mamlock was one of the first films worldwide to tackle Nazi anti-Semitism head-on. Based on a famous play by a German-Jewish exile to Moscow, Friedrich Wolf, and directed by an Austrian-Jewish exile, Herbert Rappaport, the film tells with brutal honesty the story of a Jewish doctor and his family as he becomes a victim of the Nazis’ rise to power in 1930s Germany. Professor Mamlock is not only impressively acted but also beautifully shot—and was a hit with audiences both at home and abroad. Introduced and discussed by Olga Gershenson, author of “The Phantom Holocaust.”

Sep 25, 2013

Rolf E. Schütte, Consul General of Germany for the New England States will lecture on "German-Jewish Relations Today"

Since entering the foreign service in 1981, Consul General Rolf Schütte has served in Moscow, Tel Aviv, the United Nations in New York, Rome, and San Francisco.  He studied for a year in the United States on a Fulbright fellowship, and throughout his career he has paid special attention to fostering the German-Jewish dialogue.

Sep 17, 2013

The Phantom Holocaust: Soviet Cinema and Jewish Catastrophe

by Olga Gershenson. Book Launch and Author’s Talk Illustrated with Film Clips

Even people familiar with cinema believe there is no such thing as a Soviet Holocaust film. The Phantom Holocaust tells a different story. The Soviets were actually among the first to portray these events on screens. In 1938, several films exposed Nazi anti-Semitism, and a 1945 movie depicted the mass execution of Jews in Babi Yar. Other significant pictures followed in the 1960s. But the more directly filmmakers engaged with the Holocaust, the more likely their work was to be banned by state censors. Some films were never made while others came out in such limited release that the Holocaust remained a phantom on Soviet screens. Focusing on work by both celebrated and unknown Soviet directors and screenwriters, Olga Gershenson has written the first book about all Soviet narrative films dealing with the Holocaust from 1938 to 1991. In addition to studying the completed films, Gershenson analyzes the projects that were banned at various stages of production. The book draws on archival research and in-depth interviews to tell the sometimes tragic and sometimes triumphant stories of filmmakers who found authentic ways to represent the Holocaust in the face of official silencing. 

Olga Gershenson is Associate Professor of Judaic and Near Eastern Studies at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst. She is the author of Gesher: Russian Theatre in Israel (Peter Lang, 2005) and editor of Ladies and Gents: Public Toilets and Gender (Temple UP, 2009). The Phantom Holocaust: Soviet Cinema and Jewish Catastrophe (Rutgers UP, 2013) is her latest book. To learn more about her work, see www.people.umass.edu/olga

 

Apr 25, 2013

Roundtable on the Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Europe

With Omer Bartov, Joanna Michlic, John-Paul Himka, and Catherine Portuges

In honor of the Spring publication of Bringing the Dark to Light:  The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Europe, co-edited by Joanna Michlic and John-Paul Himka, the IHGMS is very pleased to host a roundtable discussion of Holocaust reception in post-communist Europe , with the co-editors and one of their esteemed authors, Omer Bartov.  The roundtable will be moderated by James Young, Director of the Institute for Holocaust, Genocide, and Memory Studies at UMass Amherst.  Admission is free, but seating is limited to 100.  A reception and book-signing will follow.

Speakers:

Omer Bartov is the John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of European History at Brown University and chair of the department of History. He was born and raised in Israel and received his BA degree from Tel Aviv University. He was awarded his D.Phil. from Oxford University in 1983, and taught at Tel Aviv University until 1989. He is also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His books include The Eastern Front, 1941-45 (1985), Hitler's Army (1991), Murder in Our Midst (1996), Mirrors of Destruction (2000), Germany's War and the Holocaust (2003), The "Jew" in Cinema (2005), and Erased: Vanishing Traces of Jewish Galicia in Present-Day Ukraine (2007). His books have been translated into many languages. Bartov has also written for such magazines as The New Republic, The Nation, The Times Literary Supplement, The New York Times Book Review, The Washington Post, and other European and Israeli journals. He is now completing a new book, The Voice of Your Brother's Blood: Buczacz, Biography of a Town, to be published with Simon & Schuster in the next couple of years.

John-Paul Himka is Professor of History at the University of Alberta. He served as co-editor for history for The Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Vols. 3-5. He has also written four monographs on Ukrainian history and edited or co-edited six other books. Currently he is working on Ukrainians and the Holocaust. His 2009 Mohyla lecture was published by Heritage Press (Saskatoon) as Ukrainians, Jews, and the Holocaust: Divergent Memories. In 2011 he received the J. Gordin Kaplan Award for Excellence in Research.

Joanna Beata Michlic is a social and cultural historian, and founder and Director of HBI (Hadassah-Brandeis Institute) Project on Families, Children, and the Holocaust at Brandeis University.  Her publications include Neighbors Respond: The Controversy about Jedwabne (2004), co-edited with Antony Polonsky;  and Poland's Threatening Other: The Image of the Jew from 1880 to the Present (2006), and the forthcoming Bringing the Dark to Light: The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Europe, co-edited with John-Paul Himka (2013). She is also the editor of the forthcoming Jewish Families in Europe, 1939-Present: History, Representation, and Memory (2014).  Her two current research topics are the history of rescuers of Jews and East European Jewish childhood, 1945-1950.

Catherine Portuges is Professor of Comparative Literature, Director of the Interdepartmental Program in Film Studies, and Curator of the annual Massachusetts Multicultural Film Festival at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Her books include Cinemas in Transition in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989 (with Peter Hames, Temple, 2013); Gendered Subjects (with M. Culley, Routledge, re-issued 2012); and Screen Memories: the Hungarian Cinema of Márta Mészáros (Indiana, 1993). Her most recent essays appear in Bringing the Dark to Light: the Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Europe (Nebraska 2013); Companion to Historical Film (Wiley-Blackwell 2013); Cinema's Alchemist: The Films of Péter Forgács (Minnesota 2012); Blackwell Companion to East European Cinema (Wiley-Blackwell 2012); The Modern Jewish Experience in World Cinema (Brandeis 2012); and Hollywood's Chosen People: The Jewish Experience in American Cinema (2011). She was awarded a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship for "The Subjective Lens: Post-Holocaust Jewish Identities in Hungarian Cinema;" the Pro Cultura Hungarica Medal for her contributions to Hungarian Cinema (Republic of Hungary, 2009); and the Chancellor's Medal for Distinguished Teaching (2010). She is a frequent keynote lecturer at international conferences and invited programmer, curator, consultant, and delegate for international film series and festivals.

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