Past Programs & Events

Sep 21, 2016

Defined Out of Existence: The U.S. Government's Continuing Attempt to Remove and Replace American Indians

From first contact, those who arrived in what is now known as the United States have used diverse methods to decrease the number of peoples indigenous to the land. First, physical elimination via war and smallpox was the most expedient method. After the formation of the U.S. government, federal policies were enacted to eliminate American Indians using more politically correct means. The policies varied in name and effectiveness and included removal, relocation, assimilation, reservations, and more. Today's policy era is known as Self-Determination, but in reality entails the U.S. government’s determination of the definitions of "Indian" and "tribe." This is the modern, most politically correct means of decreasing the number of Indigenous peoples who remain on this land. Sadly, it has been quite effective; it reminds us that nothing has changed since 1492 and that the desire to remove and replace American Indians from this land still persists.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Kathleen Brown-Perez is a Senior Lecturer in the Honors College at UMass Amherst. Among other courses, she teaches federal Indian law and policy as well as Criminal Law, which includes a section on criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country. Kathleen is a graduate of the University of Iowa, having received her MBA and JD there. She joined the faculty in Commonwealth Honors College after working as a corporate lawyer in Boston. She now limits her practice to federal Indian law, providing consultation services to law firms suing the U.S. government on behalf of tribes. Kathleen is an enrolled member of the Eeyam Quittoowauconuck (Brothertown Indian Nation, Wisconsin). Her publications include books and articles on federal Indian law, administrative law, and labor/employment law. In addition to writing, she has extensive editing experience, having served on the inaugural editorial board of the Native American and Indigenous Studies journal.

 


Jul 29, 2016

New England Holocaust Educators Network Satellite Seminar

Please e-mail lcurtis@complit.umass.edu for more information.  


Mar 21, 2016

How Jewish Authors Reinvented the American War Novel

Although Jews were only 3.5 percent of the American population in the 1950s, in their war literature they created the template through which Americans saw World War II.  For instance, nearly all of the bestselling American war novels between 1948 and 1961 were by or about Jewish soldiers. In Jewish authored works, members of this statistically marginal population therefore became the principle figures through which the story of World War II was told. Yet the central role of Jews in fictionalizing War World II for a postwar readership has gone unnoticed in literary and historical studies. Either the Jewishness of the writers is uncommented on, or, the Jewishness of the text is negated. This factor is central, because as I will discuss, Jewish authors wrote about the war in very unique ways, and since their novels were bestsellers, they had a direct impact upon how postwar Americans understood the war effort. Revisiting best-selling works ranging from Norman Mailer’s The Naked and the Dead to Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, and uncovering a range of unknown archival material, I will show how Jewish writers used the theme of World War II to reshape the American public’s ideas about war, the Holocaust, and the role of Jews in postwar life. In contrast to most previous war fiction these new “Jewish” war novels were often ironic, funny, and irreverent and sought to teach the reading public broader lessons about liberalism, masculinity, and pluralism.

About the Speaker

LEAH GARRETT is Loti Smorgon Professor of Contemporary Jewish Life and Culture at Monash University in Australia. She has published four books and numerous articles on Jewish literature. Garrett's scholarship has been devoted to understanding how Jewish authors in an array of languages used their literary discourse to enact, reimagine, and subvert conventional ideas about the relationship between Jews and the modern world. This talk is based on her recent book that was shortlisted for the National Jewish Book Award: Young Lions: How Jewish Authors Reinvented the American War Novel (http://www.nupress.northwestern.edu/content/young-lions-1)


Oct 20, 2015

Under Strange Skies

Discussion with filmmaker Daniel Blaufuks

Daniel Blaufuks, born in Lisbon, 1963, is a Portuguese photographer, the grandson of Polish and German Ashkenazi Jews who moved to Portugal in the late 1920s and 1930s. He moved to Germany in 1976 and returned to Portugal in 1983. In 1991, Daniel Blaufuks published, with Paul Bowles, My Tangier, and in 1994, the London Diaries, followed by Ein Tag in Mostar (1995) and Uma Viagem a S. Petersburgo (1998). At one time or another, he lived in England and the United States and traveled in Europe, India, Russia, Africa and South America.

As well as producing many exhibitions, Daniel Blaufuks directed several films and videos: Life is not a picnic (1998, a film without a story), Black and White (2000, the story of a girl who becomes color-blind), Under Strange Skies (2002, a documentary on the Jewish refugees in Lisbon during and after the Second World War), Reversed Landscapes (2002, a film on Portuguese architecture), and Slightly Smaller than Indiana (2006, a documentary about contemporary Portugal).


Apr 22, 2015

Choiceless Choices: American Missionaries and the Armenian Genocide

What happens when human beings are faced with the ineffable, the incredible, the unimaginable, and the dangerous?  American missionaries to Armenia both witnessed and tried unsuccessfully to prevent the genocide of 1915. This talk explores the element of felt compulsion in European-Ottoman relations and American evangelizing zeal that preceded the genocide. It focuses on why American missionaries first came to Armenia and on their subsequent encounter with the progressively dehumanizing elements of genocide that preceded actual killing: systematic attack on the idea of community and the separation of individuals from notions of the normal in human relations to one another, to property, agency and time.

CAROLYN COLLETTE is Professor Emerita of English and Medieval Studies at Mount Holyoke College, a research fellow at the Centre for Medieval Studies at King's Manor at the University ofYork, and was recently a Mellon Emeritus Faculty Fellow. Her most recent book is /Re-Thinking Chaucer's /Legend of Good Women (York Medieval Press, 2014), and she is well known for her numerous scholarly publications, presentations, and awards. Professor Collette has had a longstanding interest in modern Armenian history and has researched and written about Medieval Armenia and the West. Her presentation at the Institute for Holocaust, Genocide, and Memory Studies is in connection with her current research on American women missionaries to Armenia from 1850-1905.


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