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Weather Summary 2002

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Historical Weather Information

Quick Links to 2002 Weather:

January February March April May June
July August September October November December
Year-End Summary

January
January started the year mild, a bit dry with low sunshine. The temperatures averaged 35.2 degrees, 6.2 degrees per day above normal. Maximum temperature was 51 degrees on the 10th, 26th and the 27th and a minimum temperature of 19 degrees was recorded on the 21st. Daytime high temperatures averaged 42.5 degrees, 4.0 degrees above the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 27.9 degrees, 6.4 degrees above norm. There were twenty-one days with temperatures above 40 degrees, of which 5 days were above 50 degrees. This was the 7th warmest January in the 76 years of records in East Wareham. We had three official thaws in January (3 or more days in a row averaging above 32 degrees), one for 3 days and the other two thaws were for 10 days each. Twenty-three days averaged above 32 degrees, six of these days averaged temperatures above 40 degrees.

Precipitation totaled 3.56 inches. This is 0.74 inches below normal. We had measurable precipitation on 14 days. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 0.85 inches on the 14th. There were three days with snowfall totaling 4.25 inches of snow, 0.25 inches on the 8th, 0.5 inches on the 17th and 3.5 inches on the 20th . Sunshine totaled 41% of the possible sunshine hours, 5 points below the norm. There were 4 days with fog.

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February
February was dry and mild with average sunshine. The month had below average snowfall. The temperatures averaged 34.9 degrees, 5.8 degrees per day above normal. Maximum temperature was 56 degrees on the 26th and a minimum temperature of 13 degrees was recorded on the 3rd and the 12th. Daytime high temperatures averaged 44.3 degrees, 5.6 degrees above the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 25.4 degrees, 6.0 degrees above the norm.

Precipitation totaled 2.29 inches. This is 1.25 inches below normal. This is the seventh month in a row with below normal rainfall. We had measurable precipitation on 9 days. Rainfall was evenly spread over the month, with some rain falling each week. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 0.71 inches on the 18th. There were two days with snowfall totaling 0.70 inches, 6.5 inches below normal. The greatest snowfall came on the 18th with 0.5 inches. We are down 2 inches of rain for the year-to-date and in the negative 9.21 inches over the past seven months.

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March
March weather was fairly typical, but had above normal temperatures, and below normal rainfall and sunshine. The month also had well below average snowfall (6.6 inches below average). The temperatures averaged 39.9 degrees, 3.8 degree per day above normal. Maximum temperature was 63 degrees on the 9th and 14th , a minimum temperature of 20 degrees was recorded on the 1st and 20th . Daytime high temperatures averaged 48.8 degrees, 3.8 degrees above the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 31.0 degrees, 3.8 degrees above the norm. The first two weeks of March were warm with heavy fog. There was fog recorded on 17 days this month.
Precipitation totaled 4.64 inches. This is 0.16 inches below normal. This is the eighth month in a row with below normal rainfall. We had measurable precipitation on 12 days, 3 more then average. Rainfall was evenly spread over the month, about 0.75 inches per week for the first two weeks and 1.25 and 1.75 inches the last two weeks. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 1.73 inches on the 26th into the 27th . There was only one day with snowfall, which changed to sleet with very little accumulation (just under .25 inches). The snowfall for the season has totaled 5.15 inches this is 21.85 inches below average. This only exacerbates the present drought situation. We are down 2.15 inches of rain for the year-to-date and in the negative 9.38 inches over the past eight months. Sunshine totaled 46% of the possible sunshine hours, 2 points under the norm. There were only 9 days in March with 80% or better sunshine.

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April
April was warm and sunny with average rainfall. The temperatures averaged 48.2 degrees, which is 2.5 degrees above normal. Maximum temperature was 88 degrees on the17th and a minimum temperature of 26 degrees was recorded on the 7th. Daytime high temperatures averaged 56.6 degrees, 1.5 degrees above the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 39.9 degrees, 3.6 degrees above the norm. Precipitation totaled 4.46 inches for the month of April. This is 0.18 inches above normal. This broke the run of eight months with below average rainfall. We had measurable precipitation on 12 days. The largest 24-hour rainfall came on the 26th, at 1.40 inches, to be followed on the 28th with an additional 0.69 inches. We are 1.97 inches below the norm for the year-to-date rainfall and just over 9 inches below average for the past nine months. The rainfall in April will help the keeping quality, giving us 1 point, but there will be no points for temperature. A cool, dry May will help improve the keeping quality.

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May
May was wet, cool and sunny. The temperatures averaged 55.0 degrees, which is 0.9 degrees below normal. Maximum temperature was 75 degrees on the 10th and a minimum temperature of 36 degrees was recorded on the 21st. Daytime high temperatures averaged 63.1 degrees, 3.0 degrees below last year and 2.8 degrees below the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 47.0 degrees, 1.2 degrees above the norm.
Precipitation totaled 5.66 inches for the month of May. This is 2.21 inches above normal. We had measurable precipitation on twelve days. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 1.96 inches on the 13th. We are finally on the plus side for year-to-date rainfall, we have recorded 20.61 inches of rainfall, which is 0.24 inches above normal. We are still down 6.99 inches for the past ten months. Sunshine totaled 56% of the possible sunshine hours, 4 points above the norm.

FINAL KEEPING QUALITY FORECAST Thank goodness for the drought that began in April where no measurable rainfall occurred for 33 days. Rainfall in April accounted for our only point of the sixteen possible keeping quality points. Consequently, the June 1, 2001 Keeping Quality Forecast is VERY POOR. Both April and May were warmer than desired and the May rainfall exceeded the desired amount for additional points. As a result, this certainly was a good year to hold late water and I know many of you did so on your acreage. You will need to be very careful with your fungicide usage, particularly if the fruit is destined for fresh market. Fruit quality will be sacrificed if you reduce your fungicide use drastically. If the summer months are hotter than usual, if there is drought stress, or conversely, if it is a very wet season, we will not see any improvement in the forecast. Things will remain as predicted.

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June
June was cool and wet. The temperatures averaged 63.4 degrees, which is 1.3 degrees below normal. Maximum temperature was 85 degrees on the 24th and a minimum temperature of 42 degrees was recorded on the 8th. Daytime high temperatures averaged 72.1 degrees, 2.1 degrees below the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 54.7 degrees, 0.3 degrees below the norm. No temperature records were set.
Precipitation totaled 4.12 inches for the month of June. This is 0.86 inches above normal. We had measurable precipitation on ten days. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 2.20 inches on the 6th and 7th . Precipitation fell mostly in the first half of the month, giving us a very dry last half of the month. Year-to-date, we have recorded 24.73 inches of rainfall, which is 1.10 inches above normal and 6.54 inches below the year to date for June of 2001. June has been the third month in a row with above average rainfall, yet for the last eleven months, we are still down 6.13 inches of rain.
Sunshine totaled 56% of the possible sunshine hours, 1 point above the norm.

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July
July was hot and sunny. The temperatures averaged 72.0 degrees, which is 1.0 degree below normal. Maximum temperature was 94 degrees on the 18th. A minimum temperature of 49 degrees was recorded on the 26th. Daytime high temperatures averaged 81.5 degrees, 0.7 degrees below the norm. Evening temperatures averaged 62.5 degrees, 1.3 degrees below the norm. The month began with four days of heat, two days in the nineties and very high humidity, followed by average temperatures for twenty-three days and again returned to a heat wave, with three days back in the nineties. We had a total of six days in the nineties this July, with the average being two.

Precipitation totaled 1.54 inches for the month of July; this is 1.34 inches below normal. This gives a year-to-date total rainfall of 26.27 inches, 0.24 inches below average. We had measurable precipitation on five days, which is average for July. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 0.91 inches on the 29th. Precipitation was scattered and light over the month, except for the heavy rain on the 29th. This July ranked the fourth driest in the past 22 years. Once every decade we seem to have a dry July. Over the past 12 months, 9 months have had below average rainfall, putting the rainfall in East Wareham 7.47 inches below normal.
Sunshine totaled 68% of the possible sunshine hours, 11 points above the norm. July 2002 was not quite as sunny as July 2001. July 7 and 8 we had no sunshine due to smoke covered skies from the Canadian fires.

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August
August was warm with low rainfall. The temperatures averaged 72.0 degrees, which is 2.2 degrees above normal and the same as July. Maximum temperature was 92 degrees on the 1st and 17th. A minimum temperature of 54 degrees was recorded on the 8th. Daytime high temperatures averaged 80.1 degrees, 0.5 degrees above the norm. Evening temperatures were well above normal, averaging 63.8 degrees, 3.9 degrees above the norm. We have had 9 days above 90 degrees in the past two months. This is more than double the norm of 4 days.
Precipitation was well below normal in August. Rainfall totaled 1.08 inches for the month; this is 3.21 inches below normal. This gives us a year-to-date total rainfall of 27.35 inches, 3.45 inches below average. We had measurable precipitation on five days; all with in the last 10 days of the month and two of which were under 0.10 inches. There was 22 consecutive days with no rain. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 0.70 inches on the 30th. Sunshine totaled 65% of the possible sunshine hours, 7 points above the norm, recorded at the Blue Hill Observatory.

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September
September was warm with above average rainfall. The temperatures averaged 65.1 degrees, which is 2.3 degrees above normal. The maximum temperature was 81 degrees on the 22nd. A minimum temperature of 45 degrees was recorded on the 13th, 29th, and the 30th. Daytime high temperatures averaged 73.1 degrees, 0.4 degrees above the norm. Evening temperatures were well above normal, averaging 57.1 degrees, 4.2 degrees above the norm.

Sunshine recorded from Blue Hill Observatory totaled 55% of possible points, one point below average.
Precipitation totaled 6.45 inches for the month of September; this is 2.61 inches above normal. This gives a year-to-date total rainfall of 33.80 inches, 0.84 inches below average and 9.29 inches below last years total rainfall at this time. We had measurable precipitation on seven days. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 2.58 inches on the 23rd. Early in the month, Hurricane Gustav and Tropical Storm Hanna passed us well out to sea, and brought high winds but no beneficial rain. In addition, Tropical Storm Isadore passed well inland and brought us rain on the 26th and 27th .

HARVEST. The 2002 harvest season is in full swing. Dry and wet harvesting is occurring in all areas. Some growers picked white berries in early to mid September. Small size berries is the big issue this year, but on the whole most growers are close to their estimates. There have been no reports on color or quality at this time.

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October
October was on the cold and dry side. Temperatures averaged 51.0 degrees for the month, 1.9 degrees below normal. Daytime temperatures averaged 59.6 degrees, just 3.6 degrees below normal. The evening temperatures averaged 42.4 degrees, 0.2 degrees below normal. A maximum temperature of 81 degrees was recorded on the 2nd and 5th and a minimum temperature of 28 degrees was recorded on the 25th. This was the coldest October since 1992. Precipitation totaled 3.03 inches, which was 0.41 inches below normal for the month.
We have had 36.83 inches of rain to date for the year 2002, which is 1.25 inches above normal and 7.26 inches lower then this time last year. We had measurable rain (0.10 inches or above) on 7 days. The greatest 24-hour rainfall was 1.18 inches, which came on the 16th. The first 10 days of October were very warm and dry, followed by a week of very wet weather, finishing the month with cold and dry weather. We had great fall colors this year, though they were about one week late.

Sunshine totaled 54% of the possible sunshine hours (1 point less then average).
HARVEST. Harvesting was in full swing during the month of October. Some growers found their yields to be much lower than expected. The harvest season is coming to the end, and for many growers this has been a very long and hard season due to the lack of water, small fruit size and cold temperatures.

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November
November was a cold, cloudy and wet month. Temperatures averaged 42 degrees for the month, 1.2 degrees below normal and 7.2 degrees colder than November 2001. Daytime temperatures averaged 49.7 degrees, 3.3 degrees below normal. The evening temperatures averaged 34.5 degrees, 1.1 degrees above normal. A maximum temperature of 65.0 degrees was recorded on the 11th and a minimum temperature of 18.0 degrees was recorded on the 28th.

Precipitation totaled 6.50 inch, which was 1.9 inches above normal for the month. We have had 43.33 inches of rain to date for the year 2002. This is 0.65 inches above the average for the year to date and yet we are still 4.0 inches below average for the past 12 months. We had measurable rain (0.10 inches or above) on 9 days. The greatest 24-hour rainfall was 3.10 inches, which came on the 16th - 17th. We also had light snow fall recorded on two days (the 26th and 29th) with no accumulation.
Sunshine totaled 40% of the possible sunshine hours (3 points less then average). November is known to be a very cloudy month.

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December
December was quite cold, very sunny with above average precipitation. The temperature averaged 39.1 degrees, 0.1 degree above normal. The first 10 days were very cold. Day-time highs averaged 1.6 degrees below normal. Maximum temperature was 57 degrees on the 20th and a minimum temperature of 4 degrees was recorded on the 7th.

Precipitation totaled 8.58 inches. This is 4.38 inches above normal. We had measurable rain on 11 days. There were three days with snow showers totaling 7.5 inches of snow, 2.4 inches above normal for the month. The largest snowfall came on Dec. 6th with 5.6 inches. The largest 24-hour rainfall was 1.88 inches on the 14th.
Sunshine totaled 52% of the possible sunshine hours, 6 points over the norm of 46%.

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Year-End Summary
The year 2002 was very warm, quite sunny with above average rainfall. It was the 8th warmest year on record at the Cranberry Station in East Wareham in the past 76 years averaging 51.0 degrees, which is 1.7 degrees above the 30-year average. It is noteworthy that six of the eight warm years have occurred during the past 13 years (1990 - 2002). The average monthly temperature was equal to or above normal for 7 out of 12 months of the year. The maximum temperature for the year was 94 degrees on July 18th and the minimum temperature was 4 degrees on Dec. 7th. The summer of 2002 was above average in temperature with average rainfall and lots of sunshine. There was a total of 9 days with temperature of 90 degrees of higher; this is 5 days more than the average of four days.

By year's end, precipitation totaled 51.91 inches, 5.03 inches above normal. December was the wettest month with 8.6 inches of rainfall, followed by November with 6.5 inches, giving a total of 15.1 inches of rain in 61 days. The heaviest 24-hour rainfall in 2002 was 2.58 inches on September 23rd. The driest month was August with only 1.08 inches of rain. Despite the fact that 2002 had a 5.03 inch surplus on rainfall, we had 6 months with below average rainfall and we still have a 2.0 inch deficit for the past 18 months.
Sunshine hours for the year were above average (+152 hours). There were five months with low sunshine hours and seven months with above sunshine hours. July and August was the sunniest months.
Overall, we started 2002 very warm (3 January thaws) and very dry, with little snowfall. The year's weather continued with a warm and sunny summer. September brought us three tropical storms with little to no damage. We ended the year with three very cold months, with above normal rainfall. December also had 7.5 inches of snow, 2.4 inches above the 30-year average.

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