While the existing arboretum on
campus is historically significant, it is in a state of decline. If properly
developed and maintained, the Waugh Arboretum has the potential to become an
important part of the organizing framework for the campus landscape. In addition,
it can become a significant arboretum which will be an educational and economic
asset for the University, for the region and for the Commonwealth.
Frank A. Waugh, namesake of the Campus Arboretum.
The arboretum has existed on campus
for over one hundred years. During his 1867-1879 tenure as the University's third
president, William Clark traveled to Hokkaido, Japan to establish an agricultural
university and he returned to Amherst with Japanese plant specimens. Among these
were several original introductions which have been credited to Clark. As the
cross-cultural relationship between the two universities flourished, so did the
collection of plants Clark collected on subsequent visits. Clark and his successor,
Dr. Brooks, brought back a number of horticulturally outstanding Japanese plants
toward the end of the 19th century, many of which comprise the backbone of the
strong Asian presence in the arboretum today.
Interest in the campus arboretum
continued under the eye of Frank A. Waugh, head of the landscape architecture
department in the early 20th century. He had a vision of a picturesque campus
where the buildings should blend with the agricultural landscape. This vision
reflects the founding philosophy of the college, that the land was more important
than the buildings. In 1944, after WaughÕs death, President Baker recommended
that certain areas of campus be set aside for development of the Waugh Arboretum
and that their development be under the supervision of the Department of Landscape
Architecture. It was voted to authorize the establishment of the Waugh Arboretum
as recommended by the President and Massachusetts State College officially recognized
the campus arboretum as a memorial to Waugh and his contribution to the campus
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Image for a full view!
Although the arboretum is historically
significant, it is not publicized or promoted by the University. Therefore its
potential for contribution to the University and the community has been diminished.
A more thoroughly developed arboretum will be an educational, cultural and aesthetic
resource for the University and the community. As a regional destination, the
arboretum could also become an economic asset for the University.
Provide an organizing theme for
the campus landscape which supports teaching and research, defines the quality
and character of open spaces and promotes the historical and cultural image
of the University.
The objective of the development
of the Waugh Arboretum is to provide a "green framework" which connects
Landmark Destinations and defines key open spaces. The campus core arboretum
will be revived and further developed and an Arboretum Visitors Center on Orchard
Hill will support teaching and research activities.
- The Waugh Arboretum and the Arboretum
Visitors Center will provide a "landscape for learning" for the
University and the general public.
- A Master Plan will be the organizing
tool for the arboretum. All additions to the arboretum must conform to and
support the Arboretum Master Plan.
- Several planting standards will
be reinforced to establish landscape consistency and unity throughout the
- An Arboretum Advisory Board will
be established as a decision-making body to direct and oversee the arboretum.
By-laws will be written and followed as the guiding philosophy of, and objectives
for, the arboretum.
Japanese Elm at South College is
the oldest specimen in the USA.
- Re-establish the Waugh Arboretum
as the framework for landscape plans and projects which define plant palettes
and plant communities to guide landscape development.
- Establish the Arboretum Advisory
Board to prepare a mission statement, develop goals and objectives, develop
by-laws and procedures for coordinating with the campus on development decisions.
- The Arboretum Advisory Board of
approximately eight to twelve members should consist of a diverse consortium
of members with arboretum or horticulture affiliations, including faculty,
students and corporate leaders, Amherst/Hadley representatives, University
alumni and a ChancellorÕs office representative.
- Review and approve Arboretum Advisory
Board Charter/ By-laws and make initial appointments..
- Prepare a Master Plan for the
- Develop plans for the Waugh Arboretum
Visitors Center and Research Center as a teaching asset for the University
and a regional destination for visitors.
- The arboretum will serve as a
living laboratory for Five-College and University research in landscape architecture,
botany, horticulture, forestry, ecological restoration and plant sciences
and a resource center for external professionals such as landscape architects,
nursery professionals, and amateur gardeners.
- Develop arboretum themes which
may include grouping plants according to genus, plant communities or habitat
- Develop landscape standards which
use plants to accentuate building entrances, control movement and define linear
zones, serve as screens for parking and dumpsters etc.
- Develop arboretum guidelines for
memorial gifts and class trees, addressing issues of species selection, planting
location and associated monuments.