Charles R. Venator-Santiago
Associate Professor Department of Political Science-University of Connecticut
El Instituto: Latino/a, Caribbean & Latin American Studies Institute
Since 1898, U.S. law and policy makers have debated the use of five different but overlapping types of citizenship to govern Puerto Ricans.
This paper provides an overview of the debates shaping the contours of the corresponding legal and political debates over the use of:
1) a Puerto Rican citizenship/non-citizen nationality (1898-); 2) individual naturalization (1906-1948); 3) Collective Naturalization (1917-1940);
4) birthright or jus soli citizenship (1941 to the present); and the 5) statutory citizenship (1989-present).
Continuation of the Series-Puerto Rico at a Crossroad: Emigration, Austerity and Social Struggles
This event was organized by CLACLS & co-sponsored by the Five College Latin American, Caribbean,
and Latino Studies Counsel, the Spanish & Portuguese unit of LLC, and the Horwitz Endowment.