The purpose of this course is to survey the history of colonial Latin America by examining the encounters between Europeans and the Indigenous peoples of the Americas over the course of three centuries. The class will consider the reciprocal effects of this contact. What were the effects of three hundred years of contact, conflict, and colonialism on European civilization? What impact did the conquest have on the peoples, landscapes, geography, and demography of the Americas? We will examine the role of the Catholic Church, the nature of colonial and global economies, the formation of "race" and racialized caste systems, family life and gender roles, and subaltern resistance, among other themes. The course will run chronologically but may also take some contemporary liberties when appropriate. Opposing viewpoints and historiographical debates will set the tone for many of our discussions and a number of themes will guide our semester together. These themes include the role of Indigenous peoples, the characteristics of colonial rule in Latin America, the nature of colonial relations, and historiographical interpretations of the past. Primary source materials will be used alongside secondary literature. The final grade will consist of short written assignments, a midterm exam, a final exam, and active participation. The active participation component is composed of attendance at lectures and contributions to discussion sections.