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Periodically CIE posts short theme papers on topics that reflect new areas of knowledge or practice that are being explored in the CIE community. The intention is to make them available to the larger education and development community in the hopes of stimulating further dialogue.

Using the Work and Words of Other Authors: A guide to APA Style for International Students - and Others (10/02)

Development Policies for Socio-Emotional Development (2/02)

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

Using the Work and Words of Other Authors:
A guide to APA Style for International Students - and Others

by D. R. Evans & G. B. Rossman

Full text in PDF Format

In the academic world of universities in the United States, the rules governing how and when you may use the ideas and words of others are taken very seriously. There are widely varying cultural assumptions about how knowledge is created and legitimated, and varying norms about the treatment of existing writings by subsequent authors. The Western academic world is highly individualistic and places emphasis on being able to judge and give credit for the work of each student or researcher. "World majority" students from collectivist societies come from nations where one's experiences, thoughts and ideas are interwoven with those of others, both living and dead.

Development Policies for Socio-Emotional Development
by Fritz Affolter
Full text

Development planners pursue ambitious strategies to elevate the socio-economic living standards around the globe. Yet, while perhaps achieving economic or educational objectives, social change agendas upset social support network structures in charge of nurturing societies’ socio-emotional capital base. Social stress eventually weakens societies’ care-taking mechanisms, producing socio-emotionally impoverished community structures that deprive children and adults of the socio-emotional resources necessary for coping with the requirements of an unpredictable future. The research proposal summary that follows explores the development of instruments that would allow policy makers to foster decision-making procedures that are – using Goleman’s (1995) term -- emotionally “intelligent”.

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation
by Gretchen B. Rossman
Full text

Participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) is a process of self-assessment, knowledge generation, and collective action in which stakeholders in a program or intervention collaboratively define the evaluation issues, collect and analyze data, and take action as a result of what they learn through this process. It is fundamentally about sharing knowledge-among beneficiaries of the program, program implementers, funders, and often outside evaluation practitioners. Philosophically, participatory monitoring and evaluation seeks to honor the perspectives, voices, preferences and decisions of the least powerful and most affected stakeholders-the local beneficiaries. All too often, evaluation is something done to beneficiaries; participatory approaches argue that evaluation should be done with these key groups.