University of Massachusetts Amherst



Heritage Resources


About the picture

A solider and young woman at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Washington D.C., May 1943.


Heritage Organizations

Intergovernmental Bodies


The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was founded in 1945 as a specialized agency of the United Nations.


The International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property was established in 1959 and works to raise awareness and standards concerning preservation and conservation.

Council of Europe Steering Committee for Cultural Heritage and Landscape

The Steering Committee is responsible for activities related to and the promotion of the Council of Europe's conventions.


Founded in 1999, the Europae Archaeologiae Consilium supports European archaeological heritage management by providing services to national agencies.

Professional Organizations


The International Counci on Monuments and Sites was founded in 1965 and is composed of over 7500 members in 130 National Committees and 28 International Scientific Committees. It serves as the chief advisory body to UNESCO for the World Heritage List. The headquarters of its International Secretariat are in Paris.


The International Council on Museums was founded in 1946 and is composed of over 26,000 members in 118 National Committees and 30 International Scientific Committees. It carries out part of UNESCO's museum program and has a consultative status with the United Nations' Economic and Social Council. The headquarters of its International Secretariat are in Paris.


The International Union for Conservation of Nature was founded in 1948 as the world's first global environmental organization. Its membership includes over 1,000 government and NGO member organizations, almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries, and it has 60 offices in countries across the world. Its headquarters are in Gland, near Geneva, in Switzerland.


The International Council on Archives was founded in 1948 and works toward promoting the preservation, development, and use of the world's archival heritage. It is composed of of more than 1,400 institutional members in 190 countries. The headquarters of its International Secretariat are in Paris.


The International Federation of Landscape Architects was founded in 1948 along with its sister organization,the International Union of Architects.


The International Committee on the Conservation of Industrial Heritage was founded in 1973 and serves as ICOMOS' scientific committee for industrial heritage.

Academic Institutions

The following is an admittedly incomplete (and ever-expanding) list of links to academic programs on heritage, historic preservation, and the conservation and public presentation of historical sites. Please contact us if you'd like your program added to our list.

Non-governmental Organizations

Europa Nostra

Europa Nostra is the representative platform of over 250 heritage NGOs active in 45 countries across Europe.

European Heritage Network

The European Heritage Network is a permanent information system gathering governmental services in charge of heritage protection within the Council of Europe.

Getty Conservation Institute

Established in 1985, the GCI serves the conservation community.

Global Heritage Fund

The GHF was founded in 2002 and is committed to preserving endangered cultural heritage sites.

SAFE: Saving Antiquities for Everyone

SAFE works to raise awareness about the irreversible damages that result from looting, smuggling, and illicit trading in antiquities.

World Monuments Fund

Working for over 40 years to preserve cultural heritage sites internationally, the WMF maintains the World Monuments Watch List of the 100 most endangered sites.

Journals and Publishers

International Development Agencies

In recent years, an increasing level of support for engaging in heritage issues has come from international development agencies and organizations in the realization that culture in general and cultural heritage in particular are central components of social cohesion and sustainable, equitable economic development.

Corporate Sponsors

Corporate Sponsorship--the funding of heritage projects and initiatives, with or without explicit on-site acknowledgment of the corporate donor--has become an important supplement to shrinking government budgets and has tied heritage closely to tourism and economic development.

The issue of private sector sponsorship of shared public heritage resources (and even more so, privitization of) public heritage services is contentious and has been the theme of a 2007 ICCROM Forum and has been explored by, among others, Peter Boorsma in Privitization and Culture (1998).

Among the more prominent corporate sponsors are:


Center for Heritage and Society, 215 Machmer Hall, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003 phone: 413.545.2221  fax: 413.545.9494