Anthropological studies of violence must reflect the broadening analytical horizons of the world we live in, a world that prompts scholars to consider such large-scale phenomena as civil war, black-market human organ trade, neoliberal policies, and forced disappearances. Anthropologists are particularly well suited to study the historical and cultural contexts and processes in which violence occurs. There is a lack of research and training opportunities for students interested in developing an anthropological approach to studying violence and conflict. A limited number of programs in this country and abroad emphasize the symbiotic relationship between culture, taphonomy, bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology.
The Violence and Conflict Research Laboratory provides an opportunity for students to develop an array of projects across disciplines, while the human osteology and trauma field school provides motivated students with the opportunity to learn how to document and process outdoor crime scenes. For instance, students develop projects that situate violence within a cultural and historical context, while simultaneously examining the biological and psychological implications of violence. Other students work on projects that explore the historical and cultural context of violence in social movements and policy making.
The Violence and Conflict Laboratory field school is a unique and comprehensive program in the Five College system and the region. Interest in violence, forensics, and archaeology is at an all time high. Forensic science is capturing the imagination of many students today, and teachers are capitalizing on that enthusiasm by bringing forensic science into their classrooms through the use of thematic teaching. By focusing on the use of bioarchaeological principles in the preservation and recovery of human remains in forensic and archaeological contexts, the field school trains students to fill the demand for these skills and training by integrating field and lab experience into the classroom. Having a Violence and Conflict Laboratory and Taphonomic Research Facility that focuses on the comprehensive documentation, collection and preservation of physical evidence associated with a wide variety of crime scenes and archaeological sites is a significant draw for the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
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The goal of Landscapes of Violence (LoV) is to provide a balanced approach to the causes of violence and offer a voice for the human experience behind it. This journal deals with the interrelationships between society and violence seen through the analytical eyes of trans-disciplinary researchers.