Daily Calendars
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Daily Calendars
THE   ADELPHI   THEATRE   CALENDAR
A Record of Dramatic Performances at a Leading Victorian Theatre

Formerly the Sans Pareil (1806-1819), later the Adelphi (1819-1900)
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Daily Calendar Daily Calendars
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Home Editorial Page Authors & Titles Actors & Actresses Music, Song, & Dance Management Bibliography Graphics Gallery Theatre Research Adelphi Today Book Version

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EDITORIAL
PAGE

AUTHORS
& TITLES

ACTORS &
ACTRESSES

MUSIC, SONG,
& DANCE

MANAGEMENT

BIBLIOGRAPHY

GRAPHICS
GALLERY

THEATRE
RESEARCH

ADELPHI
TODAY

BOOK
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Contents

Daily Calendars: Introduction

The Adelphi, and the Sans Pareil before it, like all theatres of the day, operated on a similar system.  The season opened with three or even four new pieces, which ran until the audience had had enough of one of them, or the manager decided to offer more variety.  Then a new piece was presented.  Achieving a long run was the goal of every manager, but the wise always kept additional pieces in readiness.  Some plays did not last a week; some lasted a season.  There was no way to tell until the audience’s will made itself known.  If possible, the main piece for the evening was retained as long as possible, while other pieces were changed.  The system of "half-price" admission made it profitable to change the "bottom" of the bill in order to encourage those who had already seen the main piece to return.  However, the number of nightly offerings gradually shrank: four pieces became three, and three, two.  By the end of the century, there was only one play on an Adelphi program.  If it did not have a long run, that was a serious matter.  Hence the value of marquee names: William Terriss, Jessie Millward.

Given these circumstances, a calendar attempting to set out the full details of every performance would rapidly become wasteful of space and overly consumptive of the user's time.  The Adelphi Daily Calendar is, therefore, designed to incorporate a large amount of variable information in an efficient format–easy to read and sparing of space.  The editors of the present Calendar have followed the lead of the editors of The London Stage 1660-1800 (for a full citation see the Bibliography) but have introduced a pair of important innovations besides providing additional information.

The Adelphi Calendar adapts the previous calendar's "laddering" system, in which full cast and other details appear only when a piece is first performed.  Under the rubric, Cast, only changes are recorded.  If there are no changes, the user knows the cast is identical to the reference cast (see below).

The first of the two innovations is the inclusion of a Reference Cast, printed below the First Night Cast on the opening night of a piece.  The Reference Cast is a listing of the predominant performers of each role, irrespective of whether they are the same as those listed in the First Night Cast.  For subsequent performances, only changes from the Reference Cast for that specific performance are given.  In short, a cast change appears in the daily calendar only when there is a variation from the Reference Cast.  It is most important to note that cast changes do not apply to the First Night Cast only the Reference Cast.

The second innovation is the addition of a tracking system whereby a piece always includes the date of the first, previous and next performance, which allows the user to track performances forwards and backwards throughout the season.

Take, for example, the calendar entry for Tuesday, 5 March 1861, marking the one hundred and fiftieth performance of Dion Boucicault's Irish play The Colleen Bawn; or, The Brides of Garryowen.  It is the second piece on the bill:

Under the rubric, Performances, the laddering system points to the opening performance on 10 September 1860.  (Laddering is within a season only.)  The prior; performance was on 4 March and the next on 6 March.

There has been a change in cast in the current performance.  Miss Aldridge plays the part of Kathleen Creagh (taking over, as we may discover by looking back to the Reference Cast of 10 September, for Miss Hayman).  All other roles are as displayed in the Reference Cast.

In this entry and reference system, continuity receives precedence, while at the same time, change is highlighted and easy to identify.  The insertion of the simple word BUT, entirely in upper case, makes it easy to search for and find any changes in the cast.  For example, following the forward pointer for next performance in each calendar entry for The Colleen Bawn, the user knows Miss Aldridge continued to perform Kathleen Creagh through the end of the season.  Other alterations in the source, such as the addition of new roles or their omission, are indicated by ADDS or OMITS.  The latter may be accompanied by a caution that the bill may have been truncated to save space, not because roles were omitted.

Editors enter source information for the Calendar entry at the top right corner of each daily entry.  On the first line, the date indicated on the source is given.  Bills generally covered Monday to Wednesday and Thursday to Saturday.  On the second line is the type of source, whether a playbill, program, a review in a newspaper or journal, or some other record.  The third line indicates the location of the source.  After the daily calendars, come summaries of seasonal activity:

Theatre information: Theatre name, ticket prices, and curtain times.
Seasonal dates: Opening and closing dates for the season, number of performances, benefits and their recipients, dark nights with reasons, and special performances (occasional, juvenile, charity, etc.)
Theatre management: Management, front-of-house personnel and functionaries.
Author/Pieces: All creators of pieces performed, titles and opening night date.
Musical Composers and Arrangers: Those having to do with the music of a piece, their titles and date of first performance.
Choreographers: Dance arrangers, the title of the piece and date first performed.
Actors/Actresses: Every performer paired with each role he or she played, how often with a "window date" of first and last appearance in the role.
Singers/Dancers: Those who sang or danced in a piece, with date of performance.
Pieces Performed and Summary Cast Lists: Each piece played, its author and genre, number of performances and a window date.  Actor/role pairs of everyone in the piece, number of times in the part with a window date of performance.
Genre: Contributing editors’ assessment of the genre of piece (not necessarily what is on the source.)
Songs, Composers and Songs/Dances, Choreographers and Dancers: Titles of songs, composers, and singers, dancers, choreographers and dancers with dates of performance.  Usually noted only on the night of a new piece.
Other Production Credits: Special contributions listed on the source such as "transformations."

Daily Calendars: 1806-1900

Contributing editors were assigned a block of dates, usually a five or ten year span, and are credited with completing them.  In some instances, through no fault of the editor, additional work was required and carried out by the General Editors or their team.  The following list includes the names of these "secondary" editors," but the individual calendars are rightly credited to contributing editors.

Editor Season Company
John Brokaw and Frank McHugh The 1806-1807 Season Sans Pareil
John Brokaw and Frank McHugh The 1807-1808 Season Sans Pareil
John Brokaw and Gilbert Cross The 1808 Summer Season Covent Garden
John Brokaw and Frank McHugh The 1808-1809 Season Sans Pareil
John Brokaw and Frank McHugh The 1809-1810 Season Sans Pareil
John Brokaw and Gilbert Cross The 1810 Summer Season Covent Garden
Frank McHugh The 1810-1811 Season Sans Pareil
Frank McHugh The 1811-1812 Season Sans Pareil
Frank McHugh The 1812-1813 Season Sans Pareil
Frank McHugh The 1813-1814 Season Sans Pareil
Frank McHugh The 1814-1815 Season Strand Theatre, The Sans Pareil
Franklin Case The 1815-1816 Season Strand Theatre, The Sans Pareil
Franklin Case The 1816-1817 Season Strand Theatre, The Sans Pareil
Franklin Case The 1817-1818 Season Strand Theatre, The Sans Pareil
Franklin Case The 1818-1819 Season Strand Theatre, The Sans Pareil
Franklin Case The 1819-1820 Season Adelphi
Alfred Nelson and Gilbert Cross The 1820-1821 Season Adelphi
Alfred Nelson and Gilbert Cross The 1821-1822 Season Adelphi
Alfred Nelson and Gilbert Cross The 1822-1823 Season Adelphi
Alfred Nelson and Gilbert Cross The 1823-1824 Season Adelphi
Alfred Nelson and Gilbert Cross The 1824-1825 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1825-1826 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1826-1827 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1827-1828 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1828-1829 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1829-1830 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1830 Summer Season English Opera House
Alicia Kae Koger The 1830-1831 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1831 Summer Season English Opera House
Alicia Kae Koger The 1831-1832 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1832-1833 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1833 Summer Season English Opera House
Alicia Kae Koger The 1833-1834 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1834-1835 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1835-1836 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1836-1837 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1837-1838 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1838-1839 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1839-1840 Season Adelphi
Franklin Case and Mary Case The 1840-1841 Season Adelphi
Franklin Case and Mary Case The 1841-1842 Season Adelphi
Franklin Case and Mary Case The 1842-1843 Season Adelphi
Franklin Case and Mary Case The 1843-1844 Season Adelphi
Franklin Case and Mary Case The 1844-1845 Season Adelphi
Gayle Harris The 1845-1846 Season Adelphi
Gayle Harris The 1846-1847 Season Adelphi
Gayle Harris The 1847-1848 Season Adelphi
Gayle Harris The 1848-1849 Season Adelphi
Gilbert Cross The 1849-1850 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1850-1851 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1851-1852 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1852-1853 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1853-1854 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1854-1855 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1855-1856 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1856-1857 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1857-1858 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1858-1859 Season Adelphi
Alicia Kae Koger The 1859-1860 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1860-1861 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1861-1862 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1862-1863 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1863-1864 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1864-1865 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1865-1866 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1866-1867 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1867-1868 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1868-1869 Season Adelphi
Alfrida Lee The 1869-1870 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1870-1871 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1871-1872 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1872-1873 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1873-1874 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1874-1875 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1875-1876 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1876-1877 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1877-1878 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1878-1879 Season Adelphi
Frank McHugh The 1879-1880 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1880-1881 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1881-1882 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1882-1883 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1883-1884 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1884-1885 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1885-1886 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1886-1887 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1887-1888 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1888-1889 Season Adelphi
Peggy Russo The 1889-1890 Season Adelphi
Meredith Klaus The 1890-1891 Season Adelphi
Meredith Klaus The 1891-1892 Season Adelphi
Meredith Klaus The 1892-1893 Season Adelphi
Meredith Klaus The 1893-1894 Season Adelphi
Meredith Klaus The 1894-1895 Season Adelphi
Thirza Cady The 1895-1896 Season Adelphi
Thirza Cady The 1896-1897 Season Adelphi
Thirza Cady The 1897-1898 Season Adelphi
Thirza Cady The 1898-1899 Season Adelphi
Thirza Cady The 1899-1900 Season Adelphi


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Top Home Editorial Page Daily Calendar Authors & Titles Actors & Actresses Music, Song, & Dance Management Bibliography Graphics Gallery Theatre Research Adelphi Today Book Version Site Map

TOP

HOME

EDITORIAL
PAGE

DAILY
CALENDAR

AUTHORS
& TITLES

ACTORS &
ACTRESSES

MUSIC, SONG,
& DANCE

MANAGEMENT

BIBLIOGRAPHY

GRAPHICS
GALLERY

THEATRE
RESEARCH

ADELPHI
TODAY

BOOK
VERSION

SITE
MAP

Space
Thank you for visiting this site.
Copyright © 1988, 1992, 2013 by Alfred L. Nelson, Gilbert B. Cross, Joseph Donohue.
Originally published by Greenwood Press as The Sans Pareil Theatre 1806-1819, Adelphi Theatre 1819-1850: An Index to Authors, Titles, Performers, 1988, and The Adelphi Theatre 1850-1900: An Index to Authors, Titles, Performers and Management, 1992.
Creative Commons License
The Adelphi Theatre Calendar revised, reconstructed and amplified.  Copyright © 2013, by Alfred L. Nelson, Gilbert B. Cross, Joseph Donohue.  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License, with the exception of graphics from The Clip Art Book, edited by Gerard Quinn and published by Crescent in 1990.  These images are reproduced in accord with the publisher’s note, which states "The Clip Art Book is a new compilation of illustrations that are in the public domain.  The individual illustrations are copyright free and may be reproduced without permission or payment.  However, the selection of illustrations and their layout is the copyright of the publisher, so that one page or more may not be photocopied or reproduced without first contacting the publishers."